Environmental Geology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 227–236 | Cite as

Impact of stormwater infiltration basins on groundwater quality, Perth metropolitan region, Western Australia

  • S. J. Appleyard
Article

Abstract

Twelve bores were sunk adjacent to three stormwater infiltration basins in the Perth metropolitan area to examine the impact of runoff from a light industrial area, a medium-density residential area, and a major arterial road on groundwater quality, and to examine the hydrological response of the aquifer to runoff recharge. Automatic and manual water level monitoring between April and November 1990 indicated that groundwater levels responded within minutes to recharge from the infiltration basins. Peak water levels of up to 2.5 m above rest levels occurred 6–24 h after the commencement of ponding in the infiltration basins. There was a marked reduction in salinity and increase in dissolved oxygen concentrations in the upper part of the aquifer downgradient of the infiltration basins. Concentrations of toxic metals, nutrients, pesticides, and phenolic compounds in groundwater near the infiltration basins were low and generally well within Australian drinking water guidelines. However, sediment in the base of an infiltration basin draining a major road contained in excess of 3500 ppm of lead. Phthalates, which are US EPA priority pollutants, were detected in all but one bore near the infiltration basins. Their detection may be a sampling artifact, but they may also be derived from the plastic litter that accumulates in the infiltration basins. The concentration of iron in groundwater near the infiltration basins appears to be controlled by dissolved oxygen concentrations, with high iron concentrations occurring where dissolved oxygen concentrations are low. Pumping bores located near infiltration basins may suffer from iron encrustation problems caused by the mixing of shallow, oxygenated groundwater with water containing higher concentrations of iron from deeper in the aquifer.

Key words

Groundwater quality Urban runoff Artificial groundwater recharge 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Australian Institute Engineers (1977) Australian Rainfall and Runoff. AIE PublicationGoogle Scholar
  2. Cargeeg GC, Boughton GN, Townley LR, Smith GR, Appleyard SJ and Smith RA (1987) The Perth urban water balance study. Water Authority of Western Australia Publication, 2 volsGoogle Scholar
  3. Gerritse RG, Barber C and Adeney JA (1988) The effect of urbanization on the quality of groundwater in Bassendean Sands. CSIRO Division of Water Resources ReportGoogle Scholar
  4. German ER (1989) Quantity and quality of stormwater runoff recharged to the Floridan aquifer system in the Orlando area, central Florida. US Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2344, 23 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Hull RW and Yurewicz MC (1979) Quality of storm runoff to drainage wells in Live Oak, Florida. US Geological Survey Open File Report 79-1073, 40 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Kimrey JO (1978) Preliminary appraisal of the geohydrologic aspects of drainage wells, Orlando area, central Florida. US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigation 78-37, 24 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Malmquist P-A and Hård S (1981) Groundwater quality changes caused by stormwater infiltration. In: Ben Chie Yen (Ed), Urban stormwater quality, management and planning: Proceedings of the second international conference on urban storm drainage. Illinois, pp 89–97Google Scholar
  8. Martin R (1980) Hydrochemical study of an unconfined aquifer in the vicinity of Perth, Western Australia. Unpublished PhD thesis University of Western AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  9. Matthess G (1982) The properties of groundwater. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 406 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) (1987) Guidelines for drinking water quality in Australia. NHMRC/AWRC PublicationGoogle Scholar
  11. Nightingale HI (1975) Lead, zinc and copper in soils of urban storm runoff retention basins. J Am Water Works Assoc 67:443–446Google Scholar
  12. Schiner GR and German ER (1983) Effects of recharge wells on the quality of water in the Floridan aquifer in the Orlando area, central Florida. US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 82-4094, 124 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Schroeder RA and Snavely DS (1981) Survey of selected organic compounds in aquifers of New York state, excluding Long Island. US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 81-47, 60 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Seaburn GE and Aronson DA (1974) Influence of recharge basins on the hydrology of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Long Island, New York. US Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2031, 65 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1975) Identification of organic compounds in effluents from industrial sources. US EPA Report EPA-560/3-75-002Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Appleyard
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Survey of Western AustraliaEast PerthWestern Australia

Personalised recommendations