Environmental Geology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 208–211 | Cite as

Economic benefit risk assessment of controlling land subsidence in Shanghai

  • Zuo Hua
  • Liu Tiezhu
  • Lin Xinhong


Land subsidence, a major and well-known geological hazard in Shanghai, has caused serious losses. Based on past studies, the cost and benefit of the Shanghai's land subsidence hazard control were assessed and forecasted by risk assessment. An economic benefit-risk assessment was taken in order to control completely land subsidence and make rational safety elevations of the flood control wall. The result of risk assessment shows that the present 6.9-m elevation of the floodwall is not sufficient for the standard of “occurring only once in a thousand years.∝ After 200 years, the spring tide hazardous risk losses caused by land subsidence would amount to 49.73 million yuan per year. The proportion of expense in thoroughly controlling land subsidence to the economic benefit is 1∶:41.44; to construct the flood control wall to an elevation that would prevent inundation from a flood event, to reach the standard of “occurring only once in a thousand years,∝ and to avoid tide losses, the ratio of the investment of reducing tide hazard to the economic benefit should be 1∶:53.24.

Key words

Subsidence Risk assessment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zuo Hua
    • 1
  • Liu Tiezhu
    • 2
  • Lin Xinhong
    • 3
  1. 1.Guilin Bureau of Environmental ProtectionChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Bureau of Geology and Mineral ResourcesChina
  3. 3.The Institute of Karst GeologyGuangxiChina

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