Sinkhole development is unlikely in desert areas with very low precipitation. However, a few cases of land subsidence and sinkhole development took place within the suburbs of Kuwait City. A few sinkholes developed in a sudden and rapid way, leading to great economic losses. In this paper the mechanism and causes of such a land subsidence are described. Decline in groundwater level and downward infiltration of excess irrigation are suggested to be the main factors in the development of the land subsidence in Kuwait. Urbanization and excessive garden irrigation are most probably the triggers of the sudden and rapid land subsidence.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Al-Sanad HA and Shaqour FM (1991) Geotechnical implications of subsurface water rise in Kuwait. Eng Geol 31:59–69
Bouwer H (1978) Groundwater hydrology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 480 pp
Burdon DG and Al-Sharhan A (1968) The problem of palaeokarstic Dammam limestone aquifer in Kuwait. J Hydrol 6:385–404
Ford D (1989). Characteristics of dissolutional cave systems in carbonate rocks. In: James NP and Choqouette PW (Eds), Paleokarst. New York: Springer-Verlag
Fuchs W, Gathinger TE and Holzer HF (1968) Explanatory text to the synoptic geologic map of Kuwait: A surface geology of Kuwait and the neutral zone. Vienna: Geological Survey of Austria
Hamdan L (1987) Impacts, causes and recommended solutions of subsurface water rise in the residential area of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, EES-56, Vol. I (unpublished)
Omar S, Al-Yaqubi A and Senay Y (1981) Geology and groundwater hydrology of the state of Kuwait. J Gulf Arab Peninsula Stud Kuwait Univ 2:1–51
Owen RMS and Nasr SN (1958) Stratigraphy of Kuwait—Basra area. Habitat of Oil. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Symposium of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, pp 1252–1278
Parsons Corporation (1963) Groundwater resources of Kuwait, vols I and II. Los Angeles (unpublished)
Rethati L. (1983) Groundwater in civil engineering. New York: Elsevier Scientific Publishing, 451 pp
Salman AS (1979). Geology of the Jal-AZ-Zor, Al-Liyah area, Kuwait. MSc thesis. Kuwait University (unpublished)
Senay Y. Hamdan L and Yaqubi A (1987) Hydrogeological study of subsurface water rise in the residential areas of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, EES-56, Vol 3 (unpublished)
Shaqour FM and Al-Sanad HA (1992) Hydro-behaviour of Middle Eastern desert soils. J Hydrol 138:41–52
Terzaghi K (1943) Theoretical soil mechanics. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Todd DK (1980) Groundwater hydrology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 535 pp
About this article
Cite this article
Shaqour, F. Hydrogeologic role in sinkhole development in the desert of Kuwait. Geo 23, 201–208 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00771789