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Cell Biology and Toxicology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 29–36 | Cite as

Methylmercury-injury effect on tube formation by cultured human vascular endothelial cells

  • T. Kishimoto
  • T. Oguri
  • M. Tada
Article

Abstract

The effect of methylmercury chloride (MeHg) on growth and tube formation by cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated. HUVECs were collected by enzymatic digestion with collagenase. Precultivation of HUVECs with MeHg at concentrations of 1.0–50.0 μmol/L exerted negligible effects on the viable cell number, while the viable cell number was slightly reduced at 100 μmol/L and fell to zero at concentrations exceeding 500.0 μmol/L MeHg. The viable cell number was depressed in a concentration-dependent manner. Tube formation was studied by culturing the cells on gelled basement membrane matrix (Matrigel). Treatment of HUVECs with 0.1–5.0 μmol/L MeHg for 24 h inhibited tube formation dose-dependently. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) increased tube formation in a dose-dependent manner, with half-maximum stimulation of tube formation at approximately 3.4% FBS. The length of tube formation decreased time-dependently at concentrations of 0.1 and 1.0 μmol/L MeHg. Pretreatment of Matrigel with 1 μmol/L MeHg before the cell seeding reduced the tube formation by HUVECs. These results suggest that the growth and tube formation by HUVECs is susceptible to MeHg cytotoxicity, and that MeHg could be injurious to endothelial cell function.

Key words

endothelial cell methylmercury tube formation basement membrane matrix 

Abbreviations

MeHg

methylmercury chloride

HUVECs

human umbilical vein endothelial cells

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kishimoto
    • 1
  • T. Oguri
    • 1
  • M. Tada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental MedicineShimane Medical UniversityIzumoJapan

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