Advertisement

Archiv für Mikrobiologie

, Volume 94, Issue 4, pp 341–350 | Cite as

Intranucleäre Mitosen in homokaryotischen und dikaryotischen Mycelien der Basidiomyceten

  • Ch. Thielke
Article

Zusammenfassung

In homokaryotischen und in dikaryotischen Mycelien der Basidiomyceten wird das Volumen des prämitotischen Kernes dadurch reduziert, daß der eigentliche Teilungskern von einem membranumgebenen Restkern abgetrennt wird. Da die Kernmembran während der gesamten Mitose persistiert, arbeitet der Spindelapparat intranucleär.

Intranuclear mitosis in homokaryotic and dikaryotic mycelia of basidiomycetes

Summary

In homokaryotic as well as in dikaryotic mycelia of Basidiomycetes the volume of the premitotic nucleus is reduced by separating the division nucleus from a residual nucleus which is surrounded by a membrane. For the nuclear membrane persists throughout the mitosis the spindle apparatus acts intranuclear.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Aist, J. R.: The mitotic apparatus in fungi,Ceratocystis fagacearum andFusarium oxysporum. J. Cell Biol.40, 120–135 (1969)Google Scholar
  2. Aist, J. R., Williams, P. H.: Ultrastructure and time course of mitosis in the fungusFusarium oxysporum. J. Cell Biol.55, 368–389 (1972)Google Scholar
  3. Aldrich, H. C.: The ultrastructure of mitosis inPhysarum flavicomum. Amer. J. Bot.56, 290–299 (1969)Google Scholar
  4. Brushaber, J. A., Jenkins, S. F.: Mitosis and clamp formation in the fungusPoria monticola. Amer. J. Bot.58, 273–280 (1971)Google Scholar
  5. Day, A. W.: Genetic implications of current models of somatic nuclear division in fungi. Canad. J. Bot.50, 1337–1347 (1972)Google Scholar
  6. Dunkle, L. D., Wergin, W. P., Allen, P. J.: Nucleoli in differentiated germ tubes of wheat rust uredospores. Canad. J. Bot.48, 1693–1695 (1970)Google Scholar
  7. Finley, D. E.: Somatic mitosis inCeratobasidium flavescens andPellicularia koleroga. Mycologia (N. Y.)62, 474–486 (1970)Google Scholar
  8. Girbardt, M.: Untersuchungen über die Querwandbildung bei Basidiomyceten. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges.68, 423–434 (1955)Google Scholar
  9. Girbardt, M.: Licht- und elektronenoptische Untersuchungen anPolystictus versicolor. VII. Lebendbeobachtung und Zeitdauer der Teilung des lebenden Kernes. Exp. Cell Res.23, 181–194 (1961)Google Scholar
  10. Girbardt, M.: Ultrastructure and dynamics of the moving nucleus. Aspects of cell motility. Cambridge: University Press 1968Google Scholar
  11. Girbardt, M.: Submikroskopische Cytologie der Pilzzelle. Fortschr. Bot.23, 19–32 (1971a)Google Scholar
  12. Girbardt, M.: Ultrastructure of the fungal nucleus. II. The kinetochore equivalent. J. Cell Sci.2, 453–473 (1971b)Google Scholar
  13. Heath, J. B., Greenwood, A. D.: Electron microscopic observations of dividing somatic nuclei inSaprolegnia. J. gen. Microbiol.53, 278–289 (1968)Google Scholar
  14. Huffman, D. M.: Meiotic behavior in the muschroomCollybia maculata var.scorzonerea. Mycologia (N.Y.)60, 451–456 (1968)Google Scholar
  15. Ichida, A. A., Fuller, M. S.: Ultrastructure of mitosis in the aquatic fungusCatenaria anguillulae. Mycologia (N.Y.)60, 141–155 (1968)Google Scholar
  16. Lerbs, V.: Licht-und elektronenoptische Untersuchungen an meiotischen Basidien vonCoprinus radiatus (Bolt) Fr. Arch. Mikrobiol.77, 308–330 (1971)Google Scholar
  17. Lerbs, V., Thielke, Ch.: Die Entstehung der Spindel während der Meiose vonCoprinus radiatus. Arch. Mikrobiol.68, 95–98 (1970)Google Scholar
  18. McLaughlin, D. J.: Centrosomes and microtubules during meiosis in the mushroomBoletus rubinellus. J. Cell Biol.50, 737–745 (1971)Google Scholar
  19. Moens, P. B., Rapport, E.: Spindles, spindle plaques and meiosis in the yeastSaccharomyces cerevisiae (Hansen). J. Cell Biol.50, 344–361 (1971)Google Scholar
  20. Motta, J. J.: Somatic nuclear division inArmillaria mellea. Mycologia (N.Y.)61, 873–886 (1969)Google Scholar
  21. Niederpruem, D. J., Jersild, R. A., Lane, P. L.: Direct microscopic studies of clamp connection formation in growing hyphae ofSchizophyllum commune. Arch. Mikrobiol.78, 268–280 (1971)Google Scholar
  22. Raudaskoski, M.: Occurrence of microtubules and microfilaments and origin of septa in dikaryotic hyphae ofSchizophyllum commune. Protoplasma (Wien.)70, 415–422 (1970)Google Scholar
  23. Robinow, C. F., Caten, C. E.: Mitosis inAspergillus nidulans. J. Cell Sci.5, 403–431 (1969)Google Scholar
  24. Robinow, C. F., McCully, K.: Nuclear division in yeasts. I. Intern. Mycol. Congr. Exeter (1971)Google Scholar
  25. Thielke, Ch.: New investigations on the fine structure of mushrooms. IX. Internat. Congr. of Mushroom Science, pp. 285–293 (1971)Google Scholar
  26. Thielke, Ch.: Reduktion des Kernvolumens vor der Mitose bei Basidiomyceten. Naturwissenschaften59, 471 (1972)Google Scholar
  27. Zickler, D.: Division spindle and centrosomal plaques during mitosis in some Ascomycetes. Chromosoma (Berl.)30, 287–304 (1970)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ch. Thielke
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzenphysiologie und Zellbiologie (Fachbereich Biologie) der Freien Universität BerlinBerlinDeutschland

Personalised recommendations