Environmental Geology

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 188–193 | Cite as

Vinasses purification model in carbonated materials by low-cost technologies: An example in the Llanura Manchega (Spain)

  • I. de Bustamante
  • J. Temiño


This work establishes the effectiveness of the unsaturated zone as purifier of residual liquid generated by the production of alcohol, particularly when the materials comprising the zone are carbonate. It has been verified that when the effluent discharge occurs into this zone, all the parameters which indicate contamination, such as temperature, potassium, chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, and ultraviolet index, have a significant reduction, whereas when the effluent discharges into the saturated zone, an increase in parameters indicates contamination. An effluent discharge model based on low-cost technologies is proposed, where the purification is performed using the autopurifier subsoil power (Unsaturated zone).

Key words

Vinasses purification Carbonate materials Alcohol production Spain 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Custodio E, Llamas R (1976) Hidrogeologia subterránea: Barcelona: Ed. Omega. 2350 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. de Bustamante I (1988) El subsuelo como agente depurador de vertidos liquidos contaminantes. Madrid: Bol. Inf. y Est. No. 49. MOPU. 71 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. de Bustamante I (1990) Land application: Its effectiveness in purification of urban and industrial wastewaters in La Mancha, Spain. Environ Geol Water Sci 16, (3):179–185Google Scholar
  4. Metcalf R, Eddy J (1985) Ingeniería Sanitaria. Tratamiento, evacuación y reutilización de aguas residuales. Barcelona: Ed. Labor. 969 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Sastre A (1985) Estudio del sistema de vertido de vinazas a Boydesa. Ciudad Real: Informe. 23 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Servicio Geológico del MOPTE (1984) Informe sobre la contaminación de aguas subterráneas por vertidos de alcoholeras en Tomelloso (Ciudad Real). Madrid: Inf. 08/84. 64 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. de Bustamante
    • 1
  • J. Temiño
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of AlcaláMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations