Environmental Geology

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 188–193 | Cite as

Vinasses purification model in carbonated materials by low-cost technologies: An example in the Llanura Manchega (Spain)

  • I. de Bustamante
  • J. Temiño
Article

Abstract

This work establishes the effectiveness of the unsaturated zone as purifier of residual liquid generated by the production of alcohol, particularly when the materials comprising the zone are carbonate. It has been verified that when the effluent discharge occurs into this zone, all the parameters which indicate contamination, such as temperature, potassium, chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, and ultraviolet index, have a significant reduction, whereas when the effluent discharges into the saturated zone, an increase in parameters indicates contamination. An effluent discharge model based on low-cost technologies is proposed, where the purification is performed using the autopurifier subsoil power (Unsaturated zone).

Key words

Vinasses purification Carbonate materials Alcohol production Spain 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. de Bustamante
    • 1
  • J. Temiño
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of AlcaláMadridSpain

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