Catalysis Letters

, Volume 8, Issue 5–6, pp 283–295 | Cite as

In situ high temperature and high pressure exafs studie of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts. Part I: Reduction and deactivation

  • N. S. Guyot-Sionnest
  • F. Villain
  • D. Bazin
  • H. Dexpert
  • F. Le Peltier
  • J. Lynch
  • J. P. Bournonville
Article

Abstract

EXAFS has been used to follow in situ the structural evolution of a chlorinated and non-chlorinated Pt/Al2O3 catalyst during reduction in the temperature range of 300–500 °C. Smaller metal clusters are formed from the hydrogen reduction of the chlorinated catalyst, in contrast to the larger cluster formed from the non-chlorinated one. At 460 °C, the total hydrogen pressure was raised to 5 atm. and n-heptane was injected over the samples. EXAFS measurements at the Pt edge were carried out while hydrocarbon conversion was monitored with a gas Chromatograph. We observe the rapid formation of a carbon-platinum bond. This is unmodified while turnover rates and selectivities indicate evidence for deactivation. From this structural information supplied by EXAFS, correlated with the data obtained from gas chromatography, we find that our results are consistent with a model proposed by others where deactivation is due to the build-up of a multilayer of carbon.

Keywords

EXAFS Pt/Al2O3 catalysts chlorine temperature pressure reduction deactivation 

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Copyright information

© J.C. Baltzer A.G. Scientific Publishing Company 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. S. Guyot-Sionnest
    • 1
  • F. Villain
    • 1
  • D. Bazin
    • 1
  • H. Dexpert
    • 1
  • F. Le Peltier
    • 2
  • J. Lynch
    • 2
  • J. P. Bournonville
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation du Rayonnement ElectromagnétiqueCentre Universitaire Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  2. 2.Institut Français du PétroleRueil MalmaisonFrance

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