Fracture toughness and absorbed energy measurements in impact tests on brittle materials
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Previous work on impact testing has shown that the energy/unit area (w) normally measured in notched impact tests is dependent on specimen geometry. A fracture mechanical analysis has now been developed to account for the observed dependence ofw on notch size. A correction factor (φ) has been derived to accommodate notch effects and this allows for the calculation of the strain energy release-rateG directly from the measured fracture energies.
Tests on PMMA have shown that “corrected” results are independent of specimen geometry and theGc for PMMA has been evaluated as 1.04 × 103 J m−2. The experimental results show that there is an additional energy term which must be accounted for and this has been interpreted here as being due to kinetic energy losses in the specimens. A conservation of momentum analysis has allowed a realistic correction term to be calculated to include kinetic energy effects and the normalized experimental results show complete consistency between all the geometries used in the test series.
It is concluded that the analysis resolves many of the difficulties associated with notched impact testing and provides for the calculation of realistic fracture toughness parameters.
KeywordsFracture Toughness PMMA Fracture Energy Impact Test Specimen Geometry
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