Clinical Social Work Journal

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 75–89 | Cite as

Depression and dependence upon unsustaining environments

  • Janice Wood Wetzel


Applying the author's person-environment incongruence model of depression, the relationship between the predisposition to independence or dependence, in both family and work environments, and the presence or absence of depression was investigated. Fifty depressed and fifty nondepressed white women between 21 and 67 were studied. A beginning case was made for the hypothesis that incongruence between a person's predisposition and the environment results in vulnerability to depression. While most depressed women were dependent and in environments that did not meet their needs, independent women in unsustaining environments were also found to be depressed. This is a major finding, since dependence alone is generally thought to typify depressed persons.


Work Environment White Woman Depressed Woman Depressed Person Independent Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janice Wood Wetzel
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of Texas at AustinAustin

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