Clinical Social Work Journal

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 224–237 | Cite as

The use of confrontation in group treatment: Attack or challenge?

  • Kenneth E. Reid


This paper considers the use of confrontation as a part of group treatment. When done carefully, confrontation leads to expanded awareness by the members and strengthens group cohesion. When done awkwardly, it leads to increased resistance and defensiveness. The author explores ways in which confrontation can be used to challenge discrepancies, distortions, games and smoke screens, and resistance. There is also a discussion of therapeutic guidelines for the practitioner.


Group Treatment Group Cohesion Therapeutic Guideline Smoke Screen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth E. Reid
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazoo

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