Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 179–184 | Cite as

Estimating the characteristics of an accidental explosion of a surface vapor-air cloud

  • B. E. Gel'fand
  • G. M. Makhviladze
  • V. B. Novozhilov
  • I. S. Taubkin
  • S. A. Tsyganov


Mathematical modeling is used to investigate the consequences of an vapor-air cloud which is formed from an accidental spill and evaporation of fuel. It is shown that, for large-scale spills (on the order of hundreds of tons), an intense convection flow is initiated due to a fireball and destroys objects found in the accident zone. This approach makes it possible to estimate the magnitude of the spill from observable hydrodynamic consequences of the catastrophe and to increase the reliability of the conclusions of the accident investigation.


Evaporation Convection Mathematical Modeling Dynamical System Mechanical Engineer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    C. Baker, P. Cox, P. Westein, et al., Explosive Phenomena, Estimates and Consequences [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1986).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. Marshall, Fundamental Dangers of Chemical Industries [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. P. Lees, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Butterworths, London (1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. S. Dubov, L. P. Bykova, and S. V. Marunich, Turbulence and Vegetative Cover [in Russian], Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1978).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Kh. Khrgian, Physics of the Atmosphere [in Russian], Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1978).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. M. Makhviladze, O. I. Melikhov, and S. E. Yakush, “Turbulent axisymmetric thermals in a nonuniform compressed atmosphere, numerical investigation”, Preprint No. 303 [in Russian], Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Institute of Problems in Mechanics, Moscow (1987).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yu. A. Gostintsev, G. M. Makhviladze, and O. I. Melikhov, “Entrainment of aerosol particles in the stratosphere by a hot thermal”, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Mekh. Zhidk. Gaza, No. 6. 146 (1987).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yu. A. Gostintsev, A. F. Solodovnik, V. V. Lazarev, et al., “Turbulent thermal in a stratified atmosphere”, Preprint [in Russian], Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Institute of Chemical Physics, Chernogolovka (1985).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. E. Gel'fand
  • G. M. Makhviladze
  • V. B. Novozhilov
  • I. S. Taubkin
  • S. A. Tsyganov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations