Space Science Reviews

, Volume 65, Issue 3–4, pp 289–316 | Cite as

EUV spectroscopy as a plasma diagnostic

  • B. N. Dwivedi
Article

Abstract

The EUV wavelength regions is rich in emission lines from the transition region and the corona. Spectroscopic techniques have been used extensively to determine the physical conditions in the solar atmosphere for such diverse phenomena as coronal holes, active regions, sunspots, flares, etc. The diagnostics and dynamics of plasmas, both homogeneous and inhomogeneous plasmas, are reviewed. The future projects such as the CDS and SUMER instruments on SOHO have been discussed as they cover EUV wavelength region and will provide a wealth of observational data with excellent spatial, spectral, and temporal resolution.

Keywords

Spectroscopy Atmosphere Physical Condition Flare Active Region 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aller, L. H., Ufford, C. W., and Van Vleck, J. H.: 1949,Astrophys. J. 109, 42.Google Scholar
  2. Almleaky, Y. M., Brown, J. C., and Sweet, P. A.: 1989,Astron. Astrophys. 224, 328.Google Scholar
  3. Arnaud, M. and Rothenflug, R.: 1985,Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 60, 425.Google Scholar
  4. Axford, W. I. and McKenzie, J. F.: 1992, in E. Marsch and R. Schwenn (eds.),Solar Wind Seven, COSPAR Colloquia Series, Vol. 3, p. 1.Google Scholar
  5. Bhalla, C. P., Gabriel, A. H., and Presnyakov, L. P.: 1975,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 172, 359.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, J. C., Dwivedi, B. N., Almleaky, Y. M., and Sweet, P. A.: 1991,Astron. Astrophys. 249, 277.Google Scholar
  7. Bely-Dubau, F.: 1992,Adv. Space Res., in press.Google Scholar
  8. Craig, I. J. D. and Brown, J. C.: 1976,Astron. Astrophys. 49, 239.Google Scholar
  9. Cheng, C.-C., Doschek, G. A., and Feldman, U.: 1979,Astrophys. J. 227, 1037.Google Scholar
  10. Dere, K. P. and Mason, H. E.: 1981, in F. Q. Orrall (ed.),Active Regions, Colorado University Press, Chapter 6, p.129.Google Scholar
  11. Dere, K. P. and Mason, H. E.: 1993,Solar Phys. 144, 217.Google Scholar
  12. Doschek, G. A.: 1984,Astrophys. J. 279, 446.Google Scholar
  13. Doschek, G. A.: 1985, in A. Temkin (ed.),Autoionisation, Plenum Publishers Co., Chapter 6, p. 171.Google Scholar
  14. Doschek, G. A., Dere, K. P., and Lund, P. A.: 1991,Astrophys. J. 381, 583.Google Scholar
  15. Doschek, G. A., Feldman, U., and Dere, K. P.: 1977,Astron. Astrophys. 60, L11.Google Scholar
  16. Doschek, G. A., Mariska, J. T., and Feldman, U.: 1981,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 195, 107.Google Scholar
  17. Dufton, P. L., Berrington, K. A., Burke, P. G., and Kingston, A. E.: 1978,Astron. Astrophys. 62, 111.Google Scholar
  18. Dufton, P. L., Berington, K. A., Doyle, J. G., and Widing, K. G.: 1983,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 205, 81.Google Scholar
  19. Dupree, A. K., Huber, M. C. E., Noyes, R. W., Parkinson, W. H., Reeves, E. M., and Withbroe, G. L.: 1973,Astrophys. J. 182, 321.Google Scholar
  20. Dwivedi, B. N.: 1988,Solar Phys. 116, 405.Google Scholar
  21. Dwivedi, B. N.: 1990, in E. R. Priest and V. Krishan (eds.),Basic Plasma Processes on the Sun, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland, p. 403.Google Scholar
  22. Dwivedi, B. N.: 1991,Solar Phys. 131, 49.Google Scholar
  23. Dwivedi, B. N. and Gupta, A. K.: 1991a,Adv. Space Res. 11(1), 307.Google Scholar
  24. Dwivedi, B. N. and Gupta, A. K.: 1991b,Solar Phys. 135, 415.Google Scholar
  25. Dwivedi, B. N. and Gupta, A. K.: 1992,Solar Phys. 138, 283.Google Scholar
  26. Dwivedi, B. N. and Gupta, A. K.: 1993,Solar Phys. 146, 397.Google Scholar
  27. Dwivedi, B. N. and Raju, P. K.: 1980,Solar Phys. 68, 111.Google Scholar
  28. Dwivedi, B. N. and Raju, P. K.: 1988,Adv. Space Res. 8(11), 179.Google Scholar
  29. Edlén, B.: 1942,Z. Astrophys. 22, 30.Google Scholar
  30. Edlén, B.: 1945,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 105, 323.Google Scholar
  31. Elwert, G. and Raju, P. K.: 1975,Astrophys. Space Sci. 38, 369.Google Scholar
  32. Elzner, L. R.: 1976,Astron. Astrophys. 47, 9.Google Scholar
  33. Feldman, U. and Widing, K. G.: 1990,Astrophys. J. 363, 292.Google Scholar
  34. Feldman, U., Doschek, G. A., Mariska, J. T., Bhatia, A. K., and Mason, H. E.: 1978,Astrophys. J. 226, 674.Google Scholar
  35. Feldman, U., Widing, K. G., and Lund, P. A.: 1990,Astrophys. J. 364, L21.Google Scholar
  36. Flower, D. R. and Nussbaumer, H.: 1975a,Astron. Astrophys. 45, 145.Google Scholar
  37. Flower, D. R. and Nussbaumer, H.: 1975b,Astron. Astrophys. 45, 349.Google Scholar
  38. Gabriel, A. H. and Bely-Dubau, F.: 1991,The Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer for SOHO, CDS-Scientific Report, SC CDS RAL SN 91-0005.Google Scholar
  39. Gabriel, A. H. and Jordan, C.: 1972, in E. McDaniel and M. C. McDowell (eds.),Case Studies in Atomic Collision Physics, Vol. II, North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, p. 210.Google Scholar
  40. Gabriel, A. H. and Jordan, C.: 1975,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 173, 397.Google Scholar
  41. Gabriel, A. H. and Mason, H. E.: 1982, in H. S. W. Massey, B. Benderson, and E. W. McDaniel (eds.),Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Vol. I, Academic Press, Chapter 12, p. 345.Google Scholar
  42. Goldberg, L.: 1967,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 5, 279.Google Scholar
  43. Grotrian, W.: 1931,Z. Astrophys. 3, 220.Google Scholar
  44. Harrison, R. A.: 1991,The Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer for SOHO, CDS-Scientific Report, SC CDS RAL SN 91-0005.Google Scholar
  45. Harrison, R. A. and Thompson, A. M.: 1992,Intensity Integral Inversion Techniques: a Study in Preparation for the SOHO Mission, RAL-91-092.Google Scholar
  46. Hassler, D. M., Rottman, G. J., Shoub, E. C., and Holzer, T. E.: 1990,Astrophys. J. 348, L77.Google Scholar
  47. Hassler, D. M., Rottman, G. J., and Orrall, F. Q.: 1991,Astrophys. J. 372, 710.Google Scholar
  48. Jordan, C.: 1969,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 142, 501.Google Scholar
  49. Jordan, C.: 1970,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 148, 17.Google Scholar
  50. Jordan, C.: 1971, in C. de Jager (ed.),Highlights of Astronomy, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 519.Google Scholar
  51. Jordan, C.: 1974,Astron. Astrophys. 34, 69.Google Scholar
  52. Keenan, F. P., Berrington, K. A., Burke, P. G., Kingston, A. E., and Dufton, P. L.: 1984,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 207, 459.Google Scholar
  53. Keenan, F. P., Kingston, A. E., Aggarwal, K. M., and Widing, K. G.: 1986,Solar Phys. 103, 225.Google Scholar
  54. Keenan, F. P., McCann, S. M., and Widing, K. G.: 1988,Solar Phys. 117, 69.Google Scholar
  55. Keenan, F. P., McCann, S. M., and Widing, K. G.: 1990,Astrophys. J. 363, 315.Google Scholar
  56. Keenan, F. P., Conlon, E. S., Harra, L. K., and Widing, K. G.: 1992,Astrophys. J. 386, 371.Google Scholar
  57. Keenan, F. P., Conlon, E. S., Bowden, D. A., Dwivedi, B. N., and Widing, K. G.: 1993,Solar Phys., submitted.Google Scholar
  58. Kopp, R. A. and Orrall, F. Q.: 1976,Astron. Astrophys. 53, 363.Google Scholar
  59. Loulergue, M. and Nussbaumer, H.: 1976,Astron. Astrophys. 51, 163.Google Scholar
  60. Munro, R. H., Dupree, A. K., and Withbroe, G. L.: 1971,Solar Phys. 19, 347.Google Scholar
  61. Malinovsky, M.: 1975,Astron. Astrophys. 43, 101.Google Scholar
  62. Mason, H. E.: 1975,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 170, 651.Google Scholar
  63. Mason, H. E.: 1991,Adv. Space Res. 11 (1), 293.Google Scholar
  64. Mason, H. E.: 1992, preprint, Invited Review at the First Soho Workshop, Annapolis, August, 1992.Google Scholar
  65. Mason, H. E. and Bhatia, A. K.: 1978,Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 184, 423.Google Scholar
  66. Meyer, J. P.: 1985,Astrophys. J. Suppl. 57, 151.Google Scholar
  67. Meyer, J. P.: 1991,Adv. Space Res. 11(1), 269.Google Scholar
  68. McClements, K. G., Harrison, R. A., and Alexander, D.: 1991,Solar Phys. 131, 41.Google Scholar
  69. Noyes, R. W.: 1971,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 9, 209.Google Scholar
  70. Orrall, F. Q., Rottman, G. J., Fischer, R. R., and Munro, R. H.: 1990,Astrophys. J. 349, 656.Google Scholar
  71. Osterbrock, D. E.: 1975,Astrophysics of Gaseous Nebulae, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, p. 110.Google Scholar
  72. Parker, E. N.: 1988,Astrophys. J. 330, 474.Google Scholar
  73. Pottasch, S. R.: 1964,Space Sci. Rev. 3, 816.Google Scholar
  74. Raju, P. K. and Dwivedi, B. N.: 1978,Solar Phys. 60, 269.Google Scholar
  75. Raju, P. K. and Dwivedi, B. N.: 1979,Pramana 13, 319.Google Scholar
  76. Sandlin, G. D., Bartoe, J.-D. F., Brueckner, G. E., Tousey, R., and Van Hoosier, M. E.: 1984,Astrophys. J. Suppl. 61, 801.Google Scholar
  77. Sandlin, G. D., Brueckner, G. E., and Tousey, R.: 1977,Astrophys. J. 214, 898.Google Scholar
  78. Vainstein, L. A. and Safronova, U. I.: 1978,Atomic Data Nuclear Data Tables 21, 49.Google Scholar
  79. Vernazza, J. E. and Mason, H. E.: 1978,Astrophys. J. 226, 720.Google Scholar
  80. Widing, K. G. and Feldman, U.: 1992, in E. Marsch and R. Schwenn (eds.),Solar Wind Seven, COSPAR Colloquia Series, Vol. 3, p. 405.Google Scholar
  81. Wilhelm, K.: 1992,The SUMER Spectrometer for SOHO, Scientific Report, SUM-MPAE-RO-113000-02-00.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. N. Dwivedi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics, Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Max-Planck-Institut für AeronomieKatlenburg-LindauGermany

Personalised recommendations