Fertilizer research

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 267–277 | Cite as

Effects of nitrification inhibitors and time and rate of slurry and fertilizer N application on silage maize yield and losses to the environment

  • J. J. Schröder
  • L. ten Holte
  • H. van Keulen
  • J. H. A. M. Steenvoorden
Article

Abstract

Field experiments with silage maize during eight years on a sandy soil in The Netherlands, showed that dicyandiamide (DCD) addition to autumn-applied cattle slurry retarded nitrification, thus reducing nitrate losses during winter. Spring-applied slurry without DCD, however, was on average associated with even lower losses and higher maize dry matter yields.

Economically optimum supplies of mineral N in the upper 0.6 m soil layer in spring (EOSMN), amounted to 130–220 kg ha−1. Year to year variation of EOSMN could not be attributed to crop demand only. According to balance sheet calculations on control plots, apparent N mineralization between years varied from 0.36 to 0.94 kg ha−1 d−1. On average, forty percent of the soil mineral N (SMN) supply in spring, was lost during the growing season. Hence, the amounts of residual soil mineral N (RSMN) were lower than expected. Multiple regression with SMN in spring, N crop uptake and cumulative rainfall as explanatory variables, could account for 79 percent of the variation in RSMN.

Postponement of slurry applications to spring and limiting N inputs to economically optimum rates, were insufficient measures to keep the nitrate concentration in groundwater below the EC level for drinking water.

Key words

animal manure leaching maize nitrification inhibitor nitrogen recovery 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Schröder
    • 2
  • L. ten Holte
    • 2
  • H. van Keulen
    • 2
  • J. H. A. M. Steenvoorden
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.DLO Centre for Agrobiological Research (CABO-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.DLO Staring Centre for Integrated LandSoil and Water Research (SC-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands

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