Skip to main content

Yield response of wetland rice to band placement of urea solution in various soils in the tropics

Abstract

Alternative N-fertilizer management practices are needed to increase productivity and the N-use efficiency of flooded rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seven field experiments were conducted at various sites in Bangladesh and Indonesia to evaluate the effect of time and method of fertilizer-N application on grain yield in transplanted rice. Conventional fertilizer application was compared with band placement of liquid urea using a mechanical push-type injector and point placement of urea supergranules. With band placement, grain yields were up to 38 and 55% higher than with researchers' and farmers' practices, respectively, and similar to those with point placement of urea supergranules.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bautista EU and HF Schnier (1989) Injecting fertilizer solution in wetland paddies. Agric Mechanization Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) 20(3): 23–27

    Google Scholar 

  2. Craswell ET and PLG Vlek (1979) Fate of fertilizer nitrogen applied to wetland rice. In: Nitrogen and Rice, pp 175–192. International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines

    Google Scholar 

  3. Craswell ET, De Datta SK, Obcemea WN and Hartantyo M (1981) Time and mode of nitrogen fertilizer application to tropical wetland rice. Fert Res 2: 247–259

    Google Scholar 

  4. De Datta SK (1986a) Improving nitrogen fertilizer efficiency in lowland rice in tropical Asia. Fert Res 9: 171–186

    Google Scholar 

  5. De Datta SK (1986b) Technology development and the spread of direct seeded flooded rice in Southeast Asia. Exp Agric 22: 417–426

    Google Scholar 

  6. De Datta SK and WH Patrick Jr (eds) (1986) Nitrogen economy of flooded rice soils. Martinus Nijhoff, The Netherlands, 186 p

    Google Scholar 

  7. De Datta SK (1987) Nitrogen transformation processes in relation to improved cultural practices for lowland rice. Plant Soil 100: 47–69

    Google Scholar 

  8. De Datta SK, Obcemea WN, Chen RY, Calabio JC and Evangelista RC (1987) Effect of water depth on nitrogen use efficiency and nitrogen-15 balance in lowland rice. Agron J 79: 210–216

    Google Scholar 

  9. Dingkuhn M, Schnier HF, De Datta SK, Wijangco E and Dörffling K (1990a) Diurnal and developmental changes in canopy gas exchange in relation to growth in transplanted and direct-seeded flooded rice. Aust J Plant Physiol 17: 119–134

    Google Scholar 

  10. Dingkuhn M, Schnier HF, De Datta SK, Dörffling K, Javellana C and Pamplona R (1990b) Nitrogen fertilization of direct-seeded flooded vs. transplanted rice: II. Interactions among canopy properties. Crop Sci 30: 1284–1292

    Google Scholar 

  11. Fillery IRP, Simpson JR and De Datta SK (1984) The influence of field environment and fertilizer management on ammonia loss from flooded rice. Soil Sci Soc Am J 48: 914–920

    Google Scholar 

  12. Katyal JC, Bijay Singh, Vlek PLG and Craswell ET (1985) Fate and efficiency of nitrogen fertilizers applied to wetland rice. II. Punjab, India. Fert Res 6: 279–290

    Google Scholar 

  13. Khan AU, Kiamco LK, Tiangco VM, Camacho I, Diestro MS and Bautista EU (1984) Applicators for improved fertilizer use efficiencies in wetland paddies. Philipp J Crop Sci 9: 206–216

    Google Scholar 

  14. Mikkelsen DS, De Datta SK and Obcemea WN (1978) Ammonia volatilization losses from flooded rice soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 42: 725–730

    Google Scholar 

  15. Mikkelsen DS (1987) Nitrogen budgets in flooded soils used for rice production. Plant Soil 100: 71–97

    Google Scholar 

  16. Mitsui S (1954) Inorganic nutrition, fertilization and soil amelioration for lowland rice. Yokendo Ltd., Tokyo. 107 p.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Obcemea WN, De Datta SK and Broadbent FE (1984) Movement and distribution of fertilizer nitrogen as affected by depth of placement in wetland rice. Fert Res 5: 125–148

    Google Scholar 

  18. Savant NK and De Datta SK (1982) Nitrogen transformations in wetland rice soil. Adv Agron 35: 241–302

    Google Scholar 

  19. Schnier HF, De Datta SK and Mengel K (1987) Dynamics of15N-labeled ammonium sulfate in various inorganic and organic soil fractions of wetland rice soils. Biol Fertil Soils 4: 171–177

    Google Scholar 

  20. Schnier HF, De Datta SK, Mengel K, Marqueses EP and Faronilo JE (1988) Nitrogen use efficiency, floodwater properties and nitrogen-15 balance in transplanted lowland rice as affected by liquid urea band placement. Fert Res 16: 241–255

    Google Scholar 

  21. Schnier HF, Dingkuhn M, De Datta SK, Marqueses EP and Faronilo JE (1990a) Nitrogen-15 balance in transplanted and direct-seeded flooded rice as affected by different methods of urea application. Biol Fertil Soils 10: 89–96

    Google Scholar 

  22. Schnier HF, Dingkuhn M, De Datta SK, Mengel K, Wijango E and Javellana C (1990b) Nitrogen economy and canopy carbon dioxide assimilation of tropical lowland rice. Agron J 82: 451–459

    Google Scholar 

  23. Schnier HF, Dingkuhn M, De Datta SK, Mengel K and Faronilo JE (1990c) Nitrogen fertilization of direct-seeded flooded vs. transplanted rice: I. Nitrogen uptake, photosynthesis, growth and yield. Crop Sci 30: 1276–1284

    Google Scholar 

  24. Vlek PLG and Byrnes BH (1986) The efficacy and loss of fertilizer N in lowland rice. Fert Res 9: 131–147

    Google Scholar 

  25. Yoshida S (1981) Fundamentals of rice crop science. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to H. F. Schnier.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Schnier, H.F., De Datta, S.K., Fagi, A.M. et al. Yield response of wetland rice to band placement of urea solution in various soils in the tropics. Fertilizer Research 36, 221–227 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00748700

Download citation

Keywords

  • Urea
  • Field Experiment
  • Management Practice
  • Indonesia
  • Fertilizer Application