Intermolecular proton transport along the hydrogen bond and the dielectric properties of ice crystals
We have attempted here to explain some of the dielectric properties of ice crystals by a concept involving the activated transport of a proton along the hydrogen bond. The choice of the almost symmetrical curve with two minima for a proton in the hydrogen bridge and the rejection of tunnel transport of a proton makes it possible to suggest a theory which explains adequately the dependence of the low frequency dielectric constant on temperature and the phenomenon of the dielectric relaxation of ice. The electrical polarization of an ice crystal according to our model is produced by the defect structure of the ice, the ion pairs, which arises when the proton moves between two neutral water molecules.
This particular model does not involve orientation or Bjerrum defects in the ice structure and raises a doubt as to the necessity of introducing them into explanations of the dielectric properties of ice.
KeywordsHydrogen Hydrogen Bond Inorganic Chemistry Water Molecule Dielectric Constant
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.R. P. Auty and R. H. Cole, J. Chem. Phys.,20, 1309 (1952).Google Scholar
- 2.F. Humbel, F. Iona, and P. Scherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta,26, 17 (1953).Google Scholar
- 3.H. Gränicher, C. Jaccard, and P. Scherrer, Discussions of Faraday Soc.,23, 50 (1957).Google Scholar
- 4.L. Onsager and M. Dupuis, Electrolytes (1962), p. 27.Google Scholar
- 5.O. Dengel, U. Eckener, H. Plitz, and N. Riehl, Phys. Rev. Letters,9, 291 (1964).Google Scholar
- 6.J. D. Bernal and R. H. Fowler, J. Chem. Phys.,1, 515 (1933).Google Scholar
- 7.H. Gränicher, Proc. Royal Soc.,A247, 453 (1958).Google Scholar
- 8.N. Bjerrum, Danish Mat. Medd.,27, No. 1 (1951).Google Scholar
- 9.C. Jaccard, Ann. New York Acad. Science,125, part 2, 390 (1965).Google Scholar
- 10.C. Jaccard, Helv. Phys. Acta,32, 89 (1959).Google Scholar
- 11.M. Eigen and L. De Maeyer, Proc. Roy. Soc.,A247, 505 (1958).Google Scholar
- 12.B. E. Conway, in: Contemporary Aspects of Electrochemistry [Russian translation], Mir, Moscow (1967), p. 55.Google Scholar
- 13.N. D. Sokolov, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk,57, 2, 205 (1955).Google Scholar
- 14.N. D. Sokolov, in: The Hydrogen Bond [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1964), p. 7.Google Scholar
- 15.E. N. Gur'yanova, in: The Hydrogen Bond [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1964), p. 281.Google Scholar
- 16.O. Ya. Samoilov, The Structure of Aqueous Solutions of Electrolytes and the Hydration of Ions [in Russian], Izd-vo. AN SSSR, Moscow (1957).Google Scholar