Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 456–463 | Cite as

An electron microscope study of gadolinium iron garnet thin films prepared by the oxidation of vacuum evaporated metals

  • A. G. Fitzgerald
  • T. G. May


The oxidation of thin films of gadolinium, iron and Gd3Fe5 has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy and diffraction between 300 and 1200‡ C. The oxidation products for gadolinium and iron films are consistent with the oxidation mechanism proposed for bulk material. Thin films of Gd3Fe5 do not oxidize completely to give gadolinium iron garnet, high densities of garnet and orthoferrite inclusions are observed. An unusual form of grain growth is also observed in these films.


Oxidation Iron Polymer Microscopy Electron Microscope 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Fitzgerald
    • 1
  • T. G. May
    • 1
  1. 1.Carnegie Laboratory of PhysicsUniversity of DundeeDundeeScotland

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