Foundations of Physics

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 91–95 | Cite as

Is life improbable?

  • John C. Baez


E. P. Wigner's argument that the probability of the existence of self-reproducing units, e.g., organisms, is zero according to standard quantum theory is stated and analyzed. Theorems are presented which indicate that Wigner's mathematical result in fact should not be interpreted as asserting the improbability of self-reproducing units.


Quantum Theory Standard Quantum Mathematical Result Standard Quantum Theory 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Baez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsYale UniversityNew Haven

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