Glycoconjugate Journal

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 391–399 | Cite as

In vivo growth conditions suppress the expression of ganglioside GM2 and favour that of lacto series gangliosides in the human glioma D-54MG cell line

  • Pam Fredman
  • Carol J Wikstrand
  • Jan-Eric Månsson
  • Guido Reifenberger
  • Sandy H Bigner
  • Ahmed Rasheed
  • Lars Svennerholm
  • Darell D Bigner
Papers Dedicated To Dr Sen-Itiroh Hakomori


The human glioma D-54MG cell line grownin vitro primarily expresses ganglio series gangliosides, particularly GM2. Subcutaneous injection of these cells into nude mice produced xenografts with an increased content of the human glioma-associated lacto series gangliosides, primarily 3′-isoLM1, an alteration that was dose dependent, with the highest dose (1×108) resulting in a phenotype that was most like that of the inoculum. After one passagein vivo, the lacto series dominated and reached a proportional level that was kept throughout the 10 passages. The mRNA levels of the GM2-synthase clearly coincided with GM2 expression and was 20 times higher in cells grownin vitro than in those grownin vivo. These results support the view that ganglioside expression in human gliomas is strongly influenced by environmental factors.


Ganglioside antigens gliomas ganglioside metabolism glioma cell line 


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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pam Fredman
    • 1
  • Carol J Wikstrand
    • 2
  • Jan-Eric Månsson
    • 1
  • Guido Reifenberger
    • 3
  • Sandy H Bigner
    • 2
  • Ahmed Rasheed
    • 2
  • Lars Svennerholm
    • 1
  • Darell D Bigner
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and NeurochemistryGöteborg University, Mölndal HospitalSweden
  2. 2.Department of Pathology and Preuss Laboratory for Brain Tumor ResearchDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeuropathologyHeinrich-Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany

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