Time-resolved chlorophyll fluorescence of spruce needles under various light conditions
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Different branches of a declined spruce were exposed to full sunlight, reduced sunlight (using a fine wire mesh), and natural shadow. Subnanosecond decay kinetics and time-gated fluorescence spectra of individual needles were measured and compared with their chlorophyll concentration. Sunlight-exposed needles showed lower chlorophyll concentrations and higher intensitiesI3 of a long-lived fluorescent component (decay time about 3 ns) than shadow needles. This seems to be due to a reduced energy transfer from the chlorophyll antenna molecules to the reaction centres of Photosystem II. After light reduction to 15–20% during one summer season the chlorophyll concentration increased, whereasI3 decreased, thus proving some recovery of the photosynthetic apparatus.
Key wordsForest decline chlorophyll fluorescence light stress time-resolved spectroscopy
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