Health effects of traffic noise

Summary

In 57 test persons having worked 1 day under traffic noise (Leq= 85 dB(A) and 1 day without noise (Leq < 50 dB(A), blood pressure and pulse frequency were measured at 1 h intervals and total urine was collected during working hours. Additionally, blood was sampled at the end of each working day. Psychological parameters were assessed by means of questionnaires.

Statistically significant reactions to noise were found in the following fields:

  1. 1.

    Ergnomics—decrease of working quality;

  2. 2.

    Psychology—increase of psychical tension;

  3. 3.

    Blood circulation—increase of blood pressure and pulse frequency;

  4. 4.

    Biochemistry—increase of epinephrine, cAMP, urine and serum Mg, protein, cholesterol plus decrease of erythrocyte Na, and renin.

Hypothetical mechanisms of the action of traffic noise are discussed.

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Correspondence to Dr. H. Ising.

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Supported by the Minister für Forschung und Technologie, Programm: Humanisierung des Arbeitslebens

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Ising, H., Dienel, D., Günther, T. et al. Health effects of traffic noise. Int. Arch Occup Environ Heath 47, 179–190 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00716376

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Key words

  • Biochemical reactions
  • Blood circulation
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Mg deficiency
  • Psychical tension
  • Traffic noise
  • Working quality