Foundations of Physics

, Volume 7, Issue 1–2, pp 29–33 | Cite as

Dual observers in operational relativity

  • R. Anderson
  • G. E. Stedman


We give a tensor formulation of synchronization transformations within special relativity in order to bridge the gap between some philosophical discussions (e.g., by Grünbaum and Winnie) and the analyses given by physicists (e.g., Møller). As an application, we discuss a physical interpretation of the duality between covariant and contravariant indices in the tensor formulation.


Operational Relativity Physical Interpretation Special Relativity Philosophical Discussion Tensor Formulation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Anderson
    • 1
  • G. E. Stedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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