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Adaptive changes in hypercapnic ventilatory response during training and detraining

  • Miharu Miyamura
  • Koji Ishida
Article

Summary

To confirm the effects of physical training and detraining on CO2 chemosensitivity, we followed hypercapnic ventilatory response at rest in the same five subjects during pre-, post- and detraining for 6 years. They joined our university badminton teams as freshmen and participated regularly in their team's training for about 3 h a day, three times a week, for 4 years. After that they retired from their teams and stopped training in order to study in the graduate school for 2 years. Maximum pulmonary ventilation\(\left( {\dot V_{E max} } \right)\) and maximal oxygen uptake\(\left( {\dot VO_{2 max} } \right)\) for each subject were determined during maximal treadmill exercise. The slope (S) of ventilatory response to carbon dioxide at rest was measured by Read's rebreathing method. Mean values of\(\left( {\dot VO_{2 max} } \right)\) increased statistically during training and decreased statistically during detraining. A similar tendency was observed in\(\dot VO_{2 max} \). The average value ofS before training was 1.91 l·min−1·mmHg−1, (+) SD 0.52 and it decreased gradually with increasing training periods; the difference between theS values before (1980) and after training (1982, 1983 and 1984) were all significant. Furthermore, the mean values ofS increased significantly during detraining as compared with those obtained at the end of training (April 1984). We concluded that in normal subjects, long-term physical training increases aerobic work capacity and decreases CO2ventilatory responsiveness, and that the ventilatory adaptations with training observed here are reversible through detraining.

Key words

CO2 responsiveness Aerobic power Untrained subject Training and detraining Badminton 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miharu Miyamura
    • 1
  • Koji Ishida
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Work Physiology, Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and SportsNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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