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Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 68, Issue 1–2, pp 193–199 | Cite as

The Ekman momentum approximation and its application

  • Tan Zhemin
  • Wu Rongsheng
Research Notes

Abstract

In the boundary layer, the flow is basically an equilibrium of three forces: Coriolis, pressure gradient and frictional. This means that it is an Ekman flow while the basic flow in the free atmosphere is an equilibrium of two forces: Coriolis and pressure gradient, and is a geostrophic flow. Therefore, it is natural to try to modify the geostrophic momentum approximation in the free atmosphere to become an Ekman momentum approximation in the boundary layer. The physical explanation and foundation of the Ekman momentum approximation are discussed.

Keywords

Atmosphere Boundary Layer Pressure Gradient Basic Flow Physical Explanation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tan Zhemin
    • 1
  • Wu Rongsheng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingP.R. China

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