Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 21–26 | Cite as

Agroforestry training and education in Central America: learning from past experiences

  • G. Budowski
Past Experience and Current Programs


While discussing existing and emerging programs in agroforestry education and training, it is important to review our experience in this field during the past nearly four decades in Central America. During the period, I have trained over 150 graduate students (26 of them completing MS degree with thesis), and offered 19 intensive short courses in several countries of the Latin American region. My experience from these activities shows that adequate library, documentation and research-field facilities, and a critical mass of training personnel are essential for the success of the graduate programs. Additionally, for the short courses, intensive field exercises in data collection and analysis should be given a high priority in the curriculum. Although past short courses have been of a general nature, future courses may focus on specific agroforestry technologies that are common in the region.


Data Collection Graduate Student Past Experience General Nature Critical Mass 


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  1. Montagnini F and 18 collaborators (1992) Agroforestry Systems: Principles and Applications in the Tropics, 2nd edition. Organización de Estudios Tropicales (OTS), USAID and US Forest Service, San José, Costa Rica, 622 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Budowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad para la PazSan JoséCosta Rica

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