Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 117–132 | Cite as

Agroforestry opportunities for the United States of America

  • Richard C. Schultz
  • Joe P. Colletti
  • Richard R. Faltonson
Article

Abstract

Agriculture in the United States makes intensive use of large portions, of the nation's arable landscape. This landscape is dominated by large fields of annual crops with few perennial buffering communities within them. Agroforestry systems such as riparian buffers, alleycropping, windbreaks, tree/pasture systems, and forest farming provide buffering opportunities within these landscapes. Riparian buffers and alleycropping systems provide two unique opportunities toward sustainable production by reducing nonpoint source pollution while increasing ecological diversity. The major impediment to agroforestry in the United States is a lack of identity. Agroforestry as a practice is not officially recognized by federal and most state agencies and thus does not qualify for cost-share support or funding for research and establishment of demonstrations. A recent white paper, prepared by representatives from government agencies, academic institutions, and nongovernment organizations, identified eight major actions that could provide the support, for making agroforestry an acceptable alternative to nonsustainable agriculture. Ames, Iowa. Project No. 3209.

Key words

alleycropping buffer strips nonpoint source pollution sustainable agriculture 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson IC, Buxton DR and Hallaur AJ (1992) Selection of herbaceous energy crops for sustainable agriculture. Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture Progress Report, Vol 1, pp 39–41Google Scholar
  2. Bercovici MM (1994) Determining the need for riparian buffer strips in a midwestern agricultural watershed. MS Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames, IAGoogle Scholar
  3. Betters DR (1988) Planning optimal economic strategies for agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 7: 17–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bishop RA and Van der Valk AG (1982) Wetlands. In: Cooper TC (ed) Iowa's Natural Heritage. IA Acad Sci and IA Nat Heritage Foundation. Des Moines, IAGoogle Scholar
  5. Chum H, Overend R and Cushman J (1991) Renewable resources for fuel, power, and chemicals: The interface between production and conversion technologies. Proceedings — Biomass Feedstock/Conversion Scale-up Activities and Issues. Working Group Meeting. US Department of Energy Biofuels Systems Division. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Colletti JP, Schultz RC, Mize CW, Hall RB and Twarok CJ (1991) An Iowa demonstration of agroforestry: short-rotation woody crops. For Chron 67: 258–262Google Scholar
  7. Colletti J, Ball C, Premachandra W, Mize C, Schultz R, Rule L and Gan J (1994a) A socioeconomic assessment of the Bear Creek watershed. In: Colletti JP and Schultz RC (eds) Proceedings Third North American Agroforesty Conference. August, 1993, Ames, IAGoogle Scholar
  8. Colletti J, Mize C, Schultz R. Galtonson R, Skadberg A, Mattila J, Thompson M, Scharf R, Anderson I, Accola C, Buxton D and Brown R (1994b) An allevcroping biofuels system: operation and economics. In: Colletti JP and Schultz RC (eds) Proceedings Third North American Agroforestry Conference, August, 1993, pp 303–310. Ames, IAGoogle Scholar
  9. Garrett HE and Kurtz WB (1983) Silvicultural and economic, relationships of integrated forestry-farming with black walnut. Agroforestry Systems 1: 245–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Garrett HE, Jones JE, Kurtz WB and Slusher JP (1991) Black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) agroforestry — its design and potential as a land use alternative. For Chron 67: 213–218Google Scholar
  11. Garrett HE, Kurtz WB, Buck LE, Gold MA, Hardesty LH, Lassoie JP, Pearson HA and Slusher JP (1994) Agroforestry: an integrated land-use management system for production and farmland conservation. Prepared for USDA SCS 68-3A75-3-134, Resource Conservation Act Appraisal, 58 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Garrett HE and Rietveld W (1994) Agroforestry for sustainable development: a national strategy to develop and implement agroforestry. Workshop to ‘Develop a Framework for a Coordinated National Agroforestry Program’, June 29–30, 1994, Nebraska City,. NE, 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Gold MA and Hanover JW (1987) Agroforestry systems for the temperate zone. Agroforestry Systems: 5: 109–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hall RB, Colletti JP, Schultz RC, Faltonson, RR, Kolison SH Jr, Hanna RD, Hillson TD and Morrison JW (1989) Commercial-scale vegetative propagation of aspens. Proceedings Aspen Symposium, 25–27 July 1989, Duluth, MNGoogle Scholar
  15. Hall RB (1982) Breeding Trees for Intensive Culture. Proceedings IUFRO Joint Meeting of Working Parties on Genetics About Breeding Strategies Including Multiclonal Varieties, pp 182–193. Escherode, FRGGoogle Scholar
  16. Hall DO (1994) Biomass energy production in industrialized countries. In: Abstracts. International Symposium on Agroforestry and land use change in industrialized nations, Berlin, Germany, May 30–June 2, 1994Google Scholar
  17. Henderson DR and Maurer TA (1993) Mid-south directory of agroforestry producers and researches. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development/Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas, August 1993, 150 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Kelley RD (1990) Iowa's surface water quality. Iowa Groundwater Association Newsletter 10: 9–10Google Scholar
  19. Lawrence JH, Hardestry LH, Chapman RC and Gill SJ (1992) Agroforestry practices of Washington State non-industrial private forest land owners. Agroforestry Systems 19: 27–36Google Scholar
  20. Lowrance RR (1992) Groundwater nitrate and denitrification in a coastal plain riparian forest. J Environ Qual 21: 401–405Google Scholar
  21. Lundgren BO and Raintree JB (1982) Sustained agroforestry. In: Nestel B (ed) Agricultural Research for Development: Potentials and Challenges in Asia, pp 37–49. ISNAR, The Hague, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  22. Nair PKR (ed) (1989) Agroforestry Systems in the Tropics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 665 ppGoogle Scholar
  23. National Research Council (1993) Soil and Water Quality. An Agenda for Agriculture. National Academy Press, Washington DC, 516 ppGoogle Scholar
  24. Pearson HA (1984) Agroforestry. In: Merkle D, Carter R and Artz JL (eds) Proceedings of the Southeastern Regional Conference on Grazing Lands and People, December 1984, pp 72–79. Atlanta, GAGoogle Scholar
  25. Prinsley RT (1992) The role of trees in sustainable agriculture — an overview. Agroforestry Systems 20: 87–115Google Scholar
  26. Ranney JW, Wright LL and Layton PA (1987) Hardwood energy crops: The technology of intensive culture. J For 85: 17–28Google Scholar
  27. Rose DW, Ferguson K, Lothner DC and Zavitkovske J (1981) An economic and energy analysis for poplar intensive cultures in the Lake States. USDA For Serv Res Paper NC-196, 44 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. Rule LC, Colletti JP, Liu TP, Jungst SE, Mize CW and Schultz RC (1994) Agroforestry and forestry related practices in the Midwestern United States. Agroforestry Systems (in press)Google Scholar
  29. Schultz RC, Colletti JP and Hall RB (1991a) Use of short-rotation woody crops in agroforestry — an Iowa perspective. Proceedings First Conference on Agroforestry in North America, pp 88–100, August 13–16, 1989, University of Guelph, Guelph, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  30. Schultz RC, Colletti JP, Mize CW, Skadberg A, Christian MW, Simpkings WW Thompson ML, Menzel BW (1991b) Sustainable tree-shrub-grass buffer strips along midwestern-waterways. Proceedings 2nd Conference on Agroforestry in North America, pp 312–326, August 18–21, 1991, Springfield, MOGoogle Scholar
  31. Schultz RC, Colletti JP, Simpkins WW, Mize CW and Thompson ML (1993) Developing a multispecies riparian buffer strip agroforestry system. In: Proceedings Riparian Ecosystems in the Humid US — Functions, Values and Management, pp 203–225, March 15–18, 1993, Atlanta, GAGoogle Scholar
  32. Schultz RC, Colletti JP, Isenhart TM, Simpkins WW, Mize CW and Thompson ML (1995) Design and placement of a multi-species riparian buffer strip system. Agroforestry Systems 29: 201–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ssekabembe CK (1985) Perspectives on hedgerow intercropping. Agroforestry Systems 3: 339–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Thomson GW and Hertel HG (1981) The forest resources of Iowa in 1980. Proc Iowa Acad Sci 88: 2–6Google Scholar
  35. US Department of Energy (1986) The National Energy Policy Plan Projections to 2010 (NEPP-5). DOE/PE-0029/3. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  36. Welsch DJ (1991) Riparian Forest Buffers: Function and Design for Protection and Enhancement of Water Resources. NA-PR-07-91. USDA Forest Service, Radnor, PAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard C. Schultz
    • 1
  • Joe P. Colletti
    • 1
  • Richard R. Faltonson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ForestryIowa State UniversityAmersUSA

Personalised recommendations