Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 65, Issue 1–2, pp 111–136 | Cite as

The vertical profile of concentration fluctuations in near-surface plumes

  • Kenneth R. Mylne


Field experiments on concentration fluctuations have frequently measured horizontal cross-sections of fluctuation statistics through plumes at fixed heights “near the surface”, but have not considered the effect of height above the ground in any detail. A set of tracer experiments designed to measure vertical profiles of concentration fluctuations in plumes, with a range of source heights, is described, and profiles of statistics are presented. Considerable variation of the statistics with both source and detector height is found. Near the surface, fluctuation intensity is a minimum and the time and length scales of the fluctuations are greatly increased. Profiles are consistent with the idea that concentration fluctuations near the surface are like those higher up at a greater distance from the source. Lowering the source height reduces the fluctuation intensity at all heights, and also alters the form of the concentration PDF. Results may be explained by the reduced length scale of sheargenerated turbulence near the surface causing enhanced small-scale mixing, which rapidly smooths out much of the fine structure with the plume.


Field Experiment Fine Structure Vertical Profile Great Distance Fluctuation Intensity 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth R. Mylne
    • 1
  1. 1.Meteorological OfficeBracknellUK

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