Foundations of Physics

, Volume 9, Issue 5–6, pp 471–477 | Cite as

Energy in a highly ordered universe

  • A. B. Bell
  • D. M. Bell


A new theory of particles proposed in an earlier paper is now applied to explain energy. Having earlier derived the Rydberg formula for atomic spectra without using the Pauli principle, the authors now derive the photoelectric effect, deflection of light by gravitation, and Planck's law for blackbody radiation without using Planck's assumption on energy quanta or Einstein's theory of general relativity.


Radiation General Relativity Early Paper Blackbody Radiation Atomic Spectrum 
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  1. 1.
    A. B. Bell and D. M. Bell,Found. Phys. 5, 455 (1975);6, 101 (1976);6, 351 (1976);8, 951 (1978).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. A. Campbell and R. M. Foster,Fourier Integrals for Practical Applications (Bell Telephone Monograph B 584), Formulas 403.1 and 632.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. H. Dicke and J. P. Wittke,Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (Addison-Wesley, 1960), p. 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Bell
    • 1
  • D. M. Bell
    • 2
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Harvard UniversityCambridge

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