European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 2–10 | Cite as

Changing views: New perspectives in child psychiatric research

  • H. Remschmidt
Review
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Research in child and adolescent psychiatry has remarkably changed during the last two decades. In general, there is a strong trend towards empirically based research in all relevant areas, including basic research as well as psychotherapy and prevention. Important contemporary research fields are: epidemiology, developmental psychopathology, family psychopathology, electrophysiology, neuropsychology, genetics, and the application of the new imaging techniques in child psychiatric disorders. Several methods applied in these fields have been developed in non-medical disciplines so that it has been and will be an interdisciplinary task to integrate them into child psychiatry as a medical discipline. New journals, most of them using an interdisciplinary approach, have substantially contributed to the spread of knowledge and have improved the quality of scientific contributions worldwide. Nevertheless, there are also deficits and shortcomings: In general, there is not enough support for research in the field of child psychiatry and developmental psychopathology. In many countries, there is also a deficit with regard to education and training of young researchers. There are not enough positions for senior researchers within departments of child and adolescent psychiatry, and there is also a deficit of research departments in the field without an overload of clinical tasks. However, in many places the given resources are not adequately used, and very often, there is also a lack of interdisciplinary cooperation. Besides these general shortcomings, there are also deficits with regard to conceptualization and evaluation of treatment methods and measures of prevention. To overcome these deficits and shortcomings will be an important task for the future.

Key words

Research methodology child psychiatry developmental psychopathology review 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (1983) Child Psychiatry: A Plan for Coming Decades. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barker DJP (1994) Mothers, Babies, and Disease in Later Life. London: BMJ Publishing GroupGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cardon LR, Smith SD, Fulker DW Kimberfing WJ, Pennington BF, DeFries JC (1994) Quantitative trait locus for reading disability on chromosome 6. Science 266:276–279Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie (Hrsg.) (1990) Zur Lage der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Denkschrift, 2. ed. MarburgGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eiberg H, Berendt I, Mohr J (1995) Assignment of dominant inherited nocturnal enuresis (ENUR1) to chromosome 13q. Nature Genetics 10:354–356Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fombonne E (1995) Anorexia nervosa. No evidence of an increase. British Journal of Psychiatry 166:462–471Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Froster U, Schulte-Körne G, Hebebrand J, Remschmidt H (1993) Cosegregation of balanced translocation (1;2) with retarded speech development and dyslexia (letter) Lancet 342:178–179Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Institute of Medicine (IOM) (1995) Committee for the Study of Research in Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders: Report Card on the National Plan for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders: The Midway Point. Washington: American Academy of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leebens PH, Walker DE, Leckman JF (1993) Determinants of academic survival: Survey of AACAP poster authors. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 32:453–461Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Olson RK, Rack JP (1990) Genetic and Environmental Influences on Component Reading and Language Skills. Paper presented at the XVI International Rodin Remediation Scientific Conference on Genetic and Neurological Influences in Dyslexia, Boulder, Colorado, September 19–21Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Piha J (1994) The Status of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in EU and EFTA-Countries. Paper presented at the 1st European Training Convention for Child Psychiatry in Vienna, September 29–30Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rabin M, Wen XL, Hepburn M, Lubs HA, Feldman E, Duara R (1993) Suggestive linkage of developmental dyslexia to chromosome 1p34-p36 (letter). Lancet 342:178Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Remschmidt H, Walter R (1990) Psychische Auffälligkeiten bei Schulkindern. Eine epidemiologische Untersuchung (mit deutschen Normen für die Child Behavior Checklist). Hogrefe: GottingenGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Remschmidt H, Walter R, Kampert K (1986) Der mobile kinder- und jugendpsychiatrische Dienst: Ein wirksames Versorgungsmodell für ländliche Regionen. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie 14:63–80Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Remschmidt H, Walter R, Kampert K, Hennighausen K (1990) Evaluation der Versorgung psychisch auffälliger und kranker Kinder und Jugendlicher in drei Landkreisen. Erhebungen an einer nahezu vollständigen Inanspruchnahmepopulation. Nervenarzt 61:34–45Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Royal College of Psychiatrists (1990) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Into the Nineties. LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vom Saal FS (1984) The intrauterine position phenomenon: effects on physiology, aggressive and population dynamics in house mice. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research 169:135–179Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rutter M (1986) Child psychiatry: Looking 30 years ahead. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27:803–840Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schmidt MH, Remschmidt H (1989) Forschung in der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie: Perspektiven, Strategien, Schwerpunkte. BroschüreGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Stevenson J (1991) Which aspects of processing text mediate genetic effects? Reading and Writing 3:249–269Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Remschmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinic of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryPhilipps-UniversityMarburgFRG

Personalised recommendations