Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 38–52 | Cite as

Empirical characteristics of the NYLS temperament in middle childhood: Congruities and incongruities with other studies

  • Michel Maziade
  • Pierrette Boutin
  • Robert Côté
  • Jacques Thivierge


Recent literature highlights the importance of studying the empirical qualities of the different models of temperament developed to date. The present paper deals specifically with the NYLS definition of temperament. The research data, gathered on a random sample (N=647) from the Quebec City general population aged 8 and 12 years, do not replicate the main typology (similar to the NYLS ‘easy-difficult’ cluster) previously identified in younger random samples of our population nor that found in other Swedish or American samples. The implications of the findings in terms of temperament main typology as well as in terms of SES and sex differences are discussed in the context of the other studies utilizing the NYLS definition of temperament. Developmental and methodological considerations are derived from the congruities and incongruities observed in the results of the various studies.


General Population Random Sample Social Psychology Recent Literature Research Data 
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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Maziade
    • 1
  • Pierrette Boutin
    • 1
  • Robert Côté
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jacques Thivierge
    • 1
  1. 1.Research DivisionHòtel-Dieu du Sacré Coeur de Jésus de QuébecQuébecCanada
  2. 2.Laval UniversityQuébecSainte-FoyCanada

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