Gender differences in a clinic-referred sample of attention-deficit-disordered children


This study of attention-deficit-disordered children revealed that females were more frequently retained in school and evidenced greater impairment on spatial memory tasks. Moreover, there was a trend for girls to be older at the time of referral. With age, the girls evidenced more severity across a wider array of measures, including cognitive functioning, poorer academic achievement, and more problems with peers.

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Correspondence to Ronald T. Brown PhD.

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A detailed report describing measures, sample means, and standard deviations is available upon request.

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Brown, R.T., Madan-Swain, A. & Baldwin, K. Gender differences in a clinic-referred sample of attention-deficit-disordered children. Child Psych Hum Dev 22, 111–128 (1991).

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Key words

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • gender
  • cognition
  • academic achievement