This study is an exploration of both interpersonal and intrapsychic factors associated with eating disorders in late adolescent women. It examines perceived parental bonding characteristics and resolution of the second separation-individuation process for both eating and non-eating disordered subjects. Subjects were 20 late adolescent eating disordered women and 20 symptom-free late adolescent female university students. All subjects received the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Parental Bonding Inventory, and the Separation-Individuation Test of Adolescence. Late adolescent eating disordered women reported significantly higher levels of maternal over-protectiveness during childhood and had significantly higher levels of separation anxiety and lower healthy separation scores than non-eating disordered students.
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Rhodes, B., Kroger, J. Parental bonding and separation-individuation difficulties among late adolescent eating disordered women. Child Psych Hum Dev 22, 249–263 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00707667