Advertisement

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 49–58 | Cite as

Agroforestry: southern pines and subterranean clover cultural treatments

  • H. A. Pearson
  • V. C. Baldwin
Article

Abstract

Agroforestry research in central Louisiana, USA, examined the effects of agronomic cultural treatments (disk, chemical, hay, and hay-graze) on subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) yields and slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) and loblolly pine (P. taeda L.) survival and growth. Cultural treatments appear necessary for successful production of subterranean clover in tame pastures, especially for early fall forage growth. Subterranean clover yields in volunteer swards during spring were highest on the disk and chemical treatments. Generally, pine survival and growth during the first 5 years following tree establishment were not affected by cultural treatments.

Key words

agroforestry disking grazing hay harvesting herbicide loblolly pine slash pine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lewis CE and Pearson PA (1987) Agroforestry using tame pastures under planted pines in the southeastern United States. In: Gholz HL, ed, Agroforestry: Realities, Possibilities, and Potentials, pp 195–212. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 227 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lewis CE, Tanner GW and Terry WS (1985) Double vs single-row pine plantations for wood and forage production. South J Appl For 9: 55–61Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pearson HA (1982) Economic analysis of forest grazing. The Stockman 39(10): 26, 28, 30, 32Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pearson HA (1983) Forest grazing in the Southern United States. In: Hannaway BD, ed, Foothills for Food and Forests, pp 247–260. Symp Ser No 2, Timber Press, Beaverton, OregonGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pearson HA and Rollins DA (1987) Ryegrass pasture for supplementing southern pine native range. Rangelds 9(1): 19–20Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pearson HA, Baldwin VC and Barnett JP (1990) Cattle grazing and pine survival and growth in subterranean clover pasture. Agroforestry Systems 10: 161–168Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pearson HA, Elliott-Smith ML, Martin Jr A and Baldwin VC (1990) Subterranean clover: nutrients for pines. In: Proc. 3rd Ann South Stn Chem Sci Mtg, February 7–8, Alexandria L, USDA For Serv, South Stn, Pineville LA, pp 104–113Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pearson HA, Prince Jr TE and Todd Jr CM (1990) Virginia pines and cattle grazing —an agroforestry opportunity. South J Appl For 14(2): 55–59Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reid R and Wilson G (1985) Agroforestry in Australia and New Zealand. Goddard and Dodson, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia, 223 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Scheffe H (1959) The Analysis of Variance. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 477 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shoulders E (1976) Site characteristics influence relative performance of loblolly and slash pine. USDA For Serv Res Pap SO-115, Southern For Exp Stn, New Orleans, LA, USA, 16 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Smith B, Leung PS and Love G (1986) Intensive Grazing Management: Forage, Animals, Men, Profits. The Graziers Hui, Kamuela, Hawaii, USA, 350 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ziehm RW, Pearson HA, Thurow TL and baldwin VC (1991) Subterranean clover: nutrients for pines. Ann Mtg Soc Range Manage (Abst #79G) 44: 14–15, January 12–17, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Pearson
    • 1
  • V. C. Baldwin
    • 2
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Service, Southern Plains Area South Central Family Farm Research CenterUSDABoonevilleUSA
  2. 2.Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment StationPinevilleUSA

Personalised recommendations