Child's Nervous System

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 18–23 | Cite as

Acute traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage in children

  • Shiro Kobayashi
  • Shozo Nakazawa
  • Toshibumi Otsuka
Original Papers


Four cases are reported of acute traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage in children revealed by computed tomography (CT). In most cases, the intraventricular hemorrhage had been produced by severe sagittal impact. All of the children were 7 or less on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on admission. Three had hemorrhage in all ventricles, and one had an intraventricular hemorrhage in the lateral and fourth ventricles. One of them showed enhancement of the blood-filled ventricles, with the appearance of increased ventricular size, on the contrast enhancement CT. Two children with ventricular dilation died soon after injury, although ventricular drainage had been performed; one child remained in a persistent vegetative state, and the other enjoyed good recovery with conservative therapy. Certain features of acute traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage in children are discussed in relation to this series.

Key words

Head injury Intraventricular hemorrhage Computed tomography 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiro Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Shozo Nakazawa
    • 1
  • Toshibumi Otsuka
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryNippon Medical SchoolTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care MedicineNippon Medical SchoolTokyoJapan

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