Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 141–151 | Cite as

Locomotor development and oral reflexes

  • Max Sugar


The newborn has a repertoire of oral zone reflexes which are intimately involved with experiences and expressions related to distress and pleasure. These help develop signaling which leads to relief of distress. The signaling involves bicycling of all limbs, with facial and vocal accompaniments, and thus the locomotor apparatus is intimately related to the oral zone reflexes. From these observations, it is hypothesized that trauma to oral zone reflexes would cause interference with the development of locomotion, initiation efforts, affect and attachment. These disturbances may be seen in different degrees in various deprivation states.


Social Psychology Deprivation State Initiation Effort Locomotor Apparatus Locomotor Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Sugar
    • 1
  1. 1.Tulane University School of MedicineNew Orleans

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