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Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 62, Issue 1–4, pp 247–267 | Cite as

Fluctuations of line integrated concentrations across plume diffusion in grid generated turbulence and in shear flows

  • M. Poreh
  • A. Hadad
  • J. E. Cermak
Part II: Analysis of Concentration Fluctuations

Abstract

The fluctuations of the instantaneous values of line integrated concentrations across plumes from point sources diffusing in turbulent shear flows, and in grid generated turbulence, have been studied experimentally using a fast response system which measured the attenuation of the intensity of an infrared beam crossing the plume. Analysis of the measurements show that the dimensionless statistical properties of the fluctuations at different distances from the source at each flow are approximately similar, in the sense that they depend primarily on the relative off-center location of the line of integration and almost independent of the distance from the source and the nature of the turbulence in the flows, as long as the characteristic length of the mean plume is not large compared to the size of the large eddies. The characteristic time of the fluctuations, on the other hand, was found to grow with the distance from the source and the autocorrelations of the fluctuations, particularly in the case of a plume diffusing in grid generated turbulence, were it found to be proportional to the lateral size of the mean plume. A—5/3 decay law of the power spectrum of the fluctuations was observed in the low frequency range which corresponds to the scale of the large eddies. The decay of the fluctuations caused by smaller eddies was much faster, as expected.

Keywords

Attenuation Autocorrelation Power Spectrum Point Source Characteristic Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Poreh
    • 1
  • A. Hadad
    • 1
  • J. E. Cermak
    • 2
  1. 1.Technion-Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

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