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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 91–101 | Cite as

Seasonal changes of understorey herbage yield in relation to light intensity and soil moisture content in a Pinus pinaster plantation

  • D. C. Braziotis
  • V. P. Papanastasis
Article

Abstract

The relationship of understorey herbage yield with light intensity and soil moisture content was investigated in a 20-year-old Pinus pinaster plantation in Kilkis of Macedonia, northern Greece, in three seasons (fall, winter and spring). The plantation was thinned at three density levels, high, medium and low (2500, 1750 and 1000 trees/ha respectively) and it was seeded with Dactylis glomerata. In addition, two fertilization levels (0 and 110 N+150 P2O5 kg/ha) and grazing intensity levels (0 and 0.8 sheep/ha/yr) were applied in a split-split plot experimental design. It was found that herbage yield was highest in the ungrazed and fertilized low tree density stands in all seasons. In the medium tree density stand, although light was lacking, fertilized plots produced higher herbage yield as compared to unfertilized low tree density stands while fertilization is of no use in close stands if herbage production is the goal. Animals seemed to prefer fertilized and medium density stands. Third degree polynomial equations were the best to explain herbage variation through the seasons both in fertilized and unfertilized plots.

Key words

Pinus pinaster light soil moisture herbage fertilization grazing 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Braziotis
    • 1
  • V. P. Papanastasis
    • 2
  1. 1.Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of ChaniaAristotelio University of ThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Faculty of Forestry and Natural Environment, Range Science LaboratoryAristotelio University of ThessalonikiGreece

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