Metal Science and Heat Treatment

, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 499–505 | Cite as

Properties of high-speed steels after electroslag remelting

  • V. K. Zablotskii
  • A. I. Borovko
Tool Steels


  1. 1.

    Electroslag remelting of high-speed steels improves the distribution and reduces the size of carbides as compared with open induction heats. The carbides are more evenly distributed (1–2 grades).

  2. 2.

    The ESR steels have higher hot plasticity (forgeability), strength, and fracture toughness. The secondary hardness remains practically unchanged after ESR, while the heat resistance increases somewhat.

  3. 3.

    Modification of ESR heats with Ti and Ce additionally improves the structure and properties both in the cast and forged conditions. Modification is most effective with 0.05–0.30% Ti and 0.05–0.15% Ce. These elements are present in the form of carbides (titanium), sulfides, and oxysulfides (cerium), which increases the number of solidification centers. The modifying effect is larger for steels with a high concentration of tungsten, molybdenum, and vanadium.



Titanium Sulfide Carbide Tungsten Vanadium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    Ya. E. Gol'dshtein et al., "Effect of treating liquid Cr−Ni steel with cerium on the character of solidification," Stal', No. 3, 258 (1962).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yu. A. Geller and R. D. Mininzon "Eutectie of high-speed steels," Stal', No. 6, 549 (1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. A. Saltykov, Stereometric Metallography [in Russian], Metallurgizdat, Moscow (1970).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. S. Kremnev, A. M. Adaskin, and A. V. Bogolyubov, "Determining the carbon content of martensite in steels from the asymmetry of reflection lines," Zavod. Lab., No. 9, 1159 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ya. S. Umanskii et al., Physical Metallurgy [in Russian], Metallurgizdat, Moscow (1955).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. G. Radchenko, et al., "Improving the resistance of cutting tools by means of electroslag remelting," Avtom. Svarka, No. 8, 34 (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Zablotskii
  • A. I. Borovko

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations