Radiation grafting of hydrophilic monomers on to plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) sheets

Part 1 Surface characterization and plasticizer migration studies
  • V. Kalliyana Krishnan
  • A. Jayakrishnan
  • Joseph D. Francis


Medical-grade plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) sheets were surface modified using gamma-radiation grafting of a combination of hydrophilic monomers based on 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and N-vinyl pyrrolidone (NVP). The modified surfaces were evaluated for their surface properties using contact angle measurements, phase-contrast photomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Surface energy calculations of the modified surfaces indicated that the surfaces became highly hydrophilic when grafted with even a 1% (v/v) solution of HEMA-NVP combination in the presence of 0.005m CuSO4. Migration of the plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl phthalate) (DEHP) from the grafted sheets was examined in hydrocarbon solvents such as n-hexane, n-heptane and n-octane and in extractant media such as cotton seed oil and polyethylene glycol-400 (PEG-400). The migration from modified sheets was found to be <4% of the migration from unmodified control sheets in hydrocarbon solvents at 30° C over a period of 5 h. Accelerated leaching studies in cotton seed oil and PEG-400 demonstrated that virtually no plasticizer migrated out in the former over a period of 96 h whereas the rate of migration in the latter medium showed only a mild reduction. The migration behaviour was Fickian in nature for grafted sheets. The method described may be useful as a simple, versatile technique for preventing plasticizer migration from plasticized PVC for medical applications.


DEHP Vinyl Chloride Hydrophilic Monomer Hydrocarbon Solvent Radiation Grafting 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Kalliyana Krishnan
    • 1
  • A. Jayakrishnan
    • 1
  • Joseph D. Francis
    • 2
  1. 1.Biomedical Technology WingSree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Science and Rubber TechnologyUniversity of CochinCochinIndia

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