Advertisement

Journal of Biological Physics

, Volume 20, Issue 1–4, pp 165–169 | Cite as

Cell wall biochemistry in Archaea and its phylogenetic implications

  • O. Kandler
Section 6. Origin And Structure Of The Membrane: Biological Aspects

Abstract

Cellularization of a precellular ancestral condition of life must have occured separately for each of the three domains of life resulting in a protoarchaeon, a protobacterium and a protocaryon. Accordingly, a ‘first cell’, ancestral to the three domains of life has never existed. This statement is based on a retrospective evaluation of the distribution patterns of membrane lipids and of cell wall polymers with their different chemical nature and modes of biosynthesis in a global phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA sequence comparison.

Key words

Membrane lipids cell wall polymers chemical structure biosynthesis precells cellularization protoarchaeon protobacterium protocaryon origin of life 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Schleifer, K.H. and Kandler, O. (1972) Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications, Bact. Rev.36, 407–477.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Woese, C.R., Kandler, O., and Wheelis, M. (1990) Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA87, 4576–4579.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kandler, O. and König, H. (1994) Cell envelopes of archaea: Structure and chemistry, in M. Kates, D.J. Kushner, and A.T. Matheson (eds.), The Biochemistry of Archaea, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 223–259.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kates, M. (1994) Membrane lipids of archaea, in M. Kates, D.J. Kushner, and A.T. Matheson (eds.), The Biochemistry of Archaea, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 261–295.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kandler, O. (1994) The early diversification of life, in S. Bengtson (ed.), Early Life on Earth, Nobel Symposium 84, Columbia U.P., New York, pp. 152–160.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wächtershäuser, G. (1988) Before enzymes and templates: theory of surface metabolism, Microbiol. Rev.52, 452–484.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Kandler
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical Institute University of MunichMinchen

Personalised recommendations