Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 2026–2038 | Cite as

Phase-transfer and micellar catalysis in dehydrohalogenation reaction

  • F. S. Sirovsky
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Abstract

Quaternary ammonium salts with a long hydrocarbon chain are a kind of bifunctional catalysts as the reactions in their presence proceeds by two catalytic pathways,i.e., phase-transfer and a micellar one. The former is inhibited by lipophilic anions such as chlorateetc. The structure-activity relationship for quaternary salts can be described quantitatively using Hansch π-hydrophobicity constants.

Key words

phase transfer catalysis (PTC) micellar catalysis quaternary ammonium salts hydrophobicity Hansch π-hydrophobicity constants elimination reaction kinetics 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. S. Sirovsky
    • 1
  1. 1.N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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