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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 179–212 | Cite as

Atmospheric concentrations and deposition of heavy metals over the North Sea: A literature review

  • Jasna Injuk
  • René van Grieken
Article

Abstract

A literature review of the atmospheric concentration rates and dry and wet deposition fluxes of particulate Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn to the North Sea and adjacent areas is given. The results of direct measurements of dry and wet deposition fluxes are compared to indirect estimates and to modelling values. This work points out the large uncertainties in results of different studies on atmospheric input of trace elements into the North Sea. The current knowledge about the dependence of the deposition velocity upon the particle size and about the processes controlling wet deposition fluxes, and the quality and completeness of the emission data are still inadequate for describing the environmental cycle and impact of heavy metals in the North Sea.

Key words

Heavy metals concentration deposition North Sea troposphere 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jasna Injuk
    • 1
  • René van Grieken
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Antwerp (U.I.A.)Antwerpen-WilrijkBelgium

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