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Archives of Toxicology

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 65–68 | Cite as

Endosulfan poisoning and chronic brain syndrome

  • Dov R. Aleksandrowicz
Original Investigations

Abstract

The author describes a case of acute poisoning by endosulfan (a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide) in an industrial worker, with residual psychiatric syndrome. The acute phase was manifested by repeated convulsions and impaired consciousness. After recovery the patient became disoriented and agitated. The residual phase, 2 years after initial hospitalization, was manifested by cognitive and emotional deterioration, severe impairment of memory and inability to perform any but the simplest tasks. Psychological tests revealed gross impairment of visual-motor coordination. The differential diagnosis of chronic brain syndrome requires accurate history and milder cases of endosulfan poisoning may easily be overlooked or misdiagnosed.

Key words

Chronic brain damage Organochlorine insecticides Endosulfan (thiodan) Bender-Gestalt test 

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References

  1. Gupta, P. K.: Endosulfan-induced neurotoxicity in rats and mice. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.15, 708–713 (1976)Google Scholar
  2. Quaraishi, M. S.: Biochemical insect control. New York: Wiley 1977Google Scholar
  3. Stevens, H.: Neurotoxicity of some common halogenated hydrocarbons. In: Laboratory diagnosis of diseases caused by toxic agents (F. W. Sunderman, and F. W. Sunderman, Jr., eds.), pp. 196–198. St. Louis, MO.: Warren H. Green 1970Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dov R. Aleksandrowicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Shalvata Psychiatric Center Hod HasharonIsrael

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