Skip to main content

Intensity, duration and frequency of exercise as determinants of the response to a training regime

Summary

A group of 39 sedentary subjects were trained on the treadmill, using one of three graded intensities of effort (walking at 3.5 m.p.h., 0% slope, equivalent to 39% of their aerobic power; running at 5 m.p.h., 1% slope, equivalent to 75% of their aerobic power; running at 5 m.p.h., 6% slope, equivalent to 96% of their aerobic power). Exercise was undertaken one, three, or five times per week, and was maintained for 5, 10, or 20 min per session. The main factor influencing the extent of training achieved was the intensity of effort relative to the subject's initial aerobic power. However, training was also influenced by the frequency of exercise and (marginally) by its duration. Some training was achieved even at the lowest intensity of exercise, but the most effective regime involved the combination of maximum intensity, frequency, and duration of effort.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Åstrand, P.-O., andI. Ryhming: A nomogram for the calculation of aerobic capacity (physical fitness) from pulse rate during submaximal work. J. appl. Physiol.7, 218–221 (1954).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bouchard, C., W. Hollmann, H. Venrath, G. Herkenrath u.H. Schlussel: Minimalbelastungen zur Prävention kardio-vaskulärer Erkrankungen. Sportarzt und Sportmedizin17, 348–357 (1966).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Cureton, T. K.: Relationship of physical fitness to athletic performance and sports. J. Amer. med. Ass.162, 1139–1140 (1956).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Dill, D. B.: Oxygen used in horizontal and grade walking and running on the treadmill. J. appl. Physiol.20, 19–22 (1965).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Durnin, J. V. G. A., J. M. Brockway, andH. W. Whitcher: Effects of a short period of training of varying severity on some measurements of physical fitness. J. appl. Physiol.15, 161–165 (1960).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Eysenck, H. J.: Manual of the Maudsley Personality Inventory. London: University Press 1959.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Goodwin, J. E., andP. Levitt: Telemetering heart rate during exercise. Proc. Can. Fed. Biol. Soc.5, 45 (1962).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Karvonen, M. J., E. Kentala, andO. Mustala: The effects of training on heart rate. A “longitudinal” study. Ann. Med. exp. Biol. Fenn.35, 307–315 (1957).

    Google Scholar 

  9. Petersen, B.: The effect of training with varying work intensities on muscle strength and on circulatory adaptation to work. Comm. Test. and Obs. Inst., Hellerup, Denmark12, 1–11 (1962).

    Google Scholar 

  10. Rowell, L. B., H. L. Taylor, andY. Wang: Limitations to prediction of maximal oxygen intake. J. appl. Physiol.19, 919–927 (1964).

    Google Scholar 

  11. Roskamm, H.: Optimum patterns of exercise for healthy adults. Canad. med. Ass. J.96, 895–899 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  12. Shephard, R. J.: The relative merits of the step test, bicycle ergometer, and treadmill in the assessment of cardio-respiratory fitness. Int. Z. angew. Physiol.23, 219–230 (1966).

    Google Scholar 

  13. —: The development of cardio-respiratory fitness. Med. Serv. J. Can.21, 533–544 (1965).

    Google Scholar 

  14. —: Normal levels of activity in Canadian city dwellers. Canad. med. Ass. J.97, 313–318 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  15. —: Optimum patterns of exercise for healthy adults: Commentary. In: Proc. of Intern. Symposium on Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health. Canad. med. Ass. J.96, 899 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  16. - A nomogram to calculate the oxygen cost of running at slow speeds. J. Sports Med. and Fitness (in press).

  17. -, C.Allen, A. J. S.Benade, C. T. M.Davies, P. E.di Prampero, R.Hedman, J. E.Merriman, K.Myhre, and R.Simmons: Standardization of submaximal exercise tests. Bull. Wld Hlth Org. (in press).

  18. -, and T. W.Anderson: Some observations on habituation. (In preparation.)

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shephard, R.J. Intensity, duration and frequency of exercise as determinants of the response to a training regime. Int. Z. Angew. Physiol. Einschl. Arbeitsphysiol. 26, 272–278 (1968). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00695115

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00695115

Keywords

  • Human Physiology
  • Lower Intensity
  • Sport Medicine
  • Maximum Intensity
  • Aerobic Power