Some physical properties of fluorine-doped SnO2 films prepared by spray pyrolysis

  • H. H. Afify
  • R. S. Momtaz
  • W. A. Badawy
  • S. A. Nasser


Thin films of undoped and fluorine-doped tin oxide have been prepared on fused silica substrates by a spray pyrolysis technique. Structural, optical and electrical properties were studied. Fluorine doping increased the degree of crystallinity and preferred orientation as well as the figure of merit (23.9×10−3 at 0.5 µm). The refractive index,n, showed a considerable decrease (2.2−1.85) on fluorine doping. The direct allowed transition for fluorine-doped tin oxide was 0.1 eV higher than that of undoped material.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. L. CHOPRA, S. MAJOR and D. K. PANDYA,Thin solid films 102 (1983) 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. A. BADAWY, H. H. AFIFY and E. M. EIGIAR,J. Electrochem. Soc. 137 (1990) 1592.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. SHANTHI, V. DUTTA, A. BANERJEE and K. L. CHOPRA,J. Appl. Phys. 51 (1980) 6243.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. SIMONIS, M. VAN DER LEIJ and C. J. HOOGENDOOM,Sol. Energy Mater. 1 (1979) 221.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. P. SKORNYAKOV and T. P. SURKOVA,Sov. Phys. Semiconductor 10 (1976) 1054.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. BRUNEAUX, H. CACHET, M. FROMENT, M. LEVART and J. VEDEL,J. Microsc. Spectrosc. Electron. 14 (1989) 1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. C. HINDS, “Aerosol Technology” (Wiley, New York, 1982).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Inorganic index to Powder Diffraction File, ASTM, Powder Diffraction File, Card No. 5-0467 (American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. B. SUNDARAM and G. K. BHAGAVAT,Thin Solid Films 78 (1981) 35.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. AGASHE, B. R. MARATHE, M. G. TAKAWALE and V. G. BHIDE, ibid.164 (1988) 261.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. U. COHEN,Rev. Sci. Instrum. 6 (1935) 68.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. F. CARROLAND and L. H. SLACK,J. Electrochem. Soc. 123 (1976) 1889.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. SRINIVASA MURTY and S. R. JAWALEKAR,Thin Solid Films 100 (1983) 219.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. R. VISHWAKARMA, J. P. UPADHYAY and H. C. PRASAD, ibid.176 (1989) 99.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. CULLITY, “Elements of X-ray diffraction” (Addison-Wesley, London, 1955).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. TOMINAGA, T. YUASA, M. KUME and O. TADA,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24 (1985) 944.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. CZTERNASTEK, A. BRUDNIK and M. JACHIMOWSKI,Solid State Commun. 65 (1988) 1025.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. AKTULGA, PhD thesis, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey (1983).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. DEMIRYONT, J. R. SITES and K. GEIB,Appl. Opt. 24 (1985) 490.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. DEMIRYONT and K. E. NIETERING,Sol. Energy Mater. 19 (1989) 79.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. HAACKE,Appl. Phys. Lett. 28 (1976) 622.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. T. MOHAMMAD and W. A. ABDUL-GHAFOR,Phys. Status Solidi (a) 106 (1988) 479.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    I. S. MULLA, H. S. SONI, V. RAO and A. P. B. SINHA,J. Mater. Sci. 21 (1986) 1280.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. GROSSE and F. J. SCHMITTE,Thin Solid Films 90 (1982) 309.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. K. ABASS, H. BAKR, S. A. JASSIM and T. A. FAHAD,Sol. Energy Mater. 17 (1988) 425.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    O. P. AGNIHORRI, B. K. GUPTO and A. K. SHARMA,J. Appl. Phys. 49 (1978) 4540.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    I. HAMBERG, C. G. GRANQVIST, K. F. BERGGREN, B. E. SERNELIVS and L. ENGSTROM,Sol. Energy Mater. 12 (1985) 479.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. H. Afify
    • 1
  • R. S. Momtaz
    • 2
  • W. A. Badawy
    • 3
  • S. A. Nasser
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNational Research CentreDokki, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of EngineeringSuez Canal UniversityPort-SaidEgypt
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryCairo UniversityEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Beni-SuefCairo UniversityEgypt

Personalised recommendations