Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 88, Issue 4, pp 383–394 | Cite as

Separation of migratory from feeding and reproductive behavior inOncopeltus fasciatus

  • Roy L. Caldwell
  • Mary Ann Rankin


Data are presented on the ontogeny of flight, general locomotion, mating, feeding, and oviposition in the milkweed bug,Oncopeltus fasciatus. Activities are segregated into different times of day: flight and oviposition are most likely to occur in the afternoon and feeding and mating are most likely to occur in the evening. Oviposition occurs after flight in the life cycle of females, so that the two activities do not conflict. Mating and feeding can and do occur simultaneously. Evidence is presented suggesting that at least feeding and oviposition rhythms involve changing levels of response threshold to external and internal stimuli, supporting Kennedy's hypothesis that migration in insects involves a suppression of “vegetative” activities during migratory flight.


Migration Life Cycle Reproductive Behavior Response Threshold Internal Stimulus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beck, S. D., Edwards, C. A., Bedler, J. T.: Feeding and nutrition of the milkweed bug,Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas). Ann. entomol. Soc. Amer.51, 283–288 (1958)Google Scholar
  2. Bongers, J.: Saugverhalten und Nahrungsaufnahme vonOncopeltus fasciatus Dallas (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae). Oecologia (Berl.)3, 374–389 (1969)Google Scholar
  3. Caldwell, R., Dingle, H.: The regulation of cyclic reproductive and feeding activity in the milkweed bugOncopeltus by temperature and photoperiod. Biol. Bull.133, 510–525 (1967)Google Scholar
  4. Dingle, H.: The relation between age and flight activity in the milkweed bug,Oncopeltus. J. exp. Biol.42, 269–283 (1965)Google Scholar
  5. Dingle, H.: Some factors affecting flight activity in individual milkweed bugs (Oncopetus). J. exp. Biol.44, 335–343 (1966)Google Scholar
  6. Dingle, H.: A probable interaction between behavioral and meteorological events in the migration and distribution of the milkweed bug (Oncopeltus). Proc. 4th In. Gong. Biometerol., New Brunswick, N. J. (1967)Google Scholar
  7. Dingle, H.: The influence of environment and heredity on flight activity in the milkweed bug,Oncopeltus. J. exp. Biol.48, 175–184 (1968)Google Scholar
  8. Dingle, H., Caldwell, R., Haskell, J.: Temperature and circadian control of cuticle growth in the bug,Oncopeltus fasciatus. J. Insect Physiol.15, 373–378 (1969)Google Scholar
  9. Fier, D., Beck, S. D.: Feeding behavior of the large milkweed bug,Oncopeltus fasciatus. Ann. entomol. Soc. Amer.56, 224–229 (1963)Google Scholar
  10. Gordon, B. R., Gordon, H. T.: Sperm storage and depletion in the spermatheca ofOncopeltus fasciatus. Ent. Exp. & Appl.14, 425–433 (1971)Google Scholar
  11. Johnson, C. G.: Physiological factors in insect migration by flight. Nature (Lond.)198, 423–427 (1963)Google Scholar
  12. Johnson, C. G.: Migration. In: The physiology of insecta (ed. Rockstein, M.), vol.2, p. 187–226. New York: Academic Press 1965Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, C. G.: Migration and dispersal of insects by flight. London: Methuen 1969Google Scholar
  14. Kennedy, J. S.: A turning point in the study of insect migration. Nature (Lond.)189, 785–791 (1961)Google Scholar
  15. Rankin, M. R., Caldwell, R. L., Dingle, H.: An analysis of a circadian rhythm of oviposition inOncopeltus fasciatus. J. exp. Biol.56, 353–359 (1972)Google Scholar
  16. Southwood, T. R. E.: The flight activity of Heteroptera. Trans. roy. Soc. London112, 173–220 (1960)Google Scholar
  17. Southwood, T. R. E.: Migration of terrestrial arthropods in relation to habitat. Biol. Rev.37, 171–214 (1962)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy L. Caldwell
    • 1
  • Mary Ann Rankin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of IowaIowa City

Personalised recommendations