Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 267–279 | Cite as

Single neurone responses to tactile stimulation of the heart in the snail,Helix pomatia L.

  • Katalin S.-Rózsa
  • J. Salánki
Article

Summary

The electrical activity of the heart nerve and of single neurons in the suboesophageal ganglia were recorded during tactile stimulation of the heart. 15 neurons were identified which responded to heart stimulation by inhibiting or accelerating activity. Cells influenced by heart afferents are scattered in the visceral and in the right and left parietal ganglia.

In most of the cases both decrease and increase of cell activity are caused by synaptic potentials, in some cases, however, the neuron is assumed to have a sensory character.

The activity of three neurons influenced by heart stimulation was conducted into the heart nerve. These cells are central neurons of a heart-CNS-heart reflex.

Some of the neurons located in the right parietal and visceral ganglia have no connection with the mechanoreceptors of the heart. Since their spikes propagate into the heart nerve, they probably take part in the extracardial regulation of heart activity.

One of the neurons located in the visceral ganglion (cell V12) sends its axon into the heart nerve. The response of this neuron to heart stimulation was an increase in activity and an inhibition of the heart rate. This is an inhibitory neuron of the extracardial heart regulatory system.

Keywords

Heart Rate Cell Activity Regulatory System Electrical Activity Single Neuron 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katalin S.-Rózsa
    • 1
  • J. Salánki
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesTihany

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