Social Indicators Research

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 295–311 | Cite as

Social support and the quality of life following myocardial infarction

  • Bernhard Badura
  • Millard Waltz


A serious illness is a severe threat to the assumptive world, sense of mastery and self-concept of the individual. The quality of life of the person with a chronic disease depends upon the degree to which the patient is able to cope with these and other major adaptive tasks confronting him. The influence of the social environment on successful adaptation and well-being has been investigated in a longitudinal study with a representative sample of male German cardiac patients (N=980). The quality of interpersonal relationships and experienced socio-emotional support were found to affect both the positive and negative dimensions of psychological well-being as defined by Bradburn (1969). Perceived health status, a pivotal variable in the adaptation process, and physical disability mainly influenced the negative dimension.


Myocardial Infarction Health Status Social Support Chronic Disease Longitudinal Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Badura, B., Bauer, J., Kaufhold, G., Lehmann, H., Waltz, M.: 1983, ‘Erste Ergebnisse der Oldenburger Longitudinalstudie’, in: Badura., B., v. Ferber, Chr. (Hrsg.): Laienpotential, Patientenaktivierung und Gesundheitsselbsthilfe (München).Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, J.: 1954, ‘Class and committees in a Norwegian island parish’, Human Relations 7 (No. 1).Google Scholar
  3. Beiser, M.: 1974, ‘Components and correlates of mental well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behavior 15, pp. 320–327.Google Scholar
  4. Berg, O.: 1975, ‘Health and the quality of life’, Acta Sociologica 18, pp. 3–22.Google Scholar
  5. Berkman, L.: 1977, ‘Social Networks, Host Resistance and Mortality’, Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  6. Boissevain, J.: 1974, Friends of Friends (London).Google Scholar
  7. Burke, R. and T. Weir: 1977, ‘Marital helping relationships: the moderators between stress and well-being’, Journal of Psychology 95, pp. 121–130.Google Scholar
  8. Bradburn, N.: 1969, The Structure of Well-Being (Chicago).Google Scholar
  9. Campell, A.: 1976, ‘Subjective measures of well-being’, American Psychologist, 31, pp. 117–124.Google Scholar
  10. Caplan, G.: 1974, Support Systems and Community Mental Health (New York).Google Scholar
  11. Cobb, Sl.: 1976, ‘Social support as a moderator of life stress’, Psychosomatic Medicine 38, pp. 300–314.Google Scholar
  12. Cohen, T., Cullen, T., Martin, R.: 1982, Psychosocial Aspects of Cancer (New York).Google Scholar
  13. Durkheim, E.: 1951, Suicide (New York).Google Scholar
  14. Gove, W.: 1972, ‘The relationship between sex roles, marital status and mental illness’, Social Forces 51, pp. 34–44.Google Scholar
  15. Gove, W.: 1973, ‘Sex, marital status and mortality’, American Journal of Sociology 78, pp. 45–67.Google Scholar
  16. Kaplan, B., Cassel, J. and Gore, S.: 1979, ‘Social support and health’, Medical Care 15, pp. 47–57.Google Scholar
  17. Katz, E. and Lazarsfeld, P.: 1966, Personal Influence, 3rd ed. (New York).Google Scholar
  18. Mitchell, J.: 1969, ‘The concept and use of social networks’, in: Mitchell, J. (ed.), Social Networks in Urban Situations (Manchester).Google Scholar
  19. Schafft, S.: 1980, ‘Die meisten Menschen schieben das weg’ (mimeographed), Konstanz (Talks with women after surgery for cancer of the breast).Google Scholar
  20. Turner, T., Frankel, G. and Levin, D.: in press, ‘Social support: conceptualization, measurement and implications for mental health, in: Greenley, T. (ed.), Research in Community and Mental Health, Vol. III (Greenwich).Google Scholar
  21. Warr, P.: 1978, ‘A study of psychological well-being’, British Journal of Psychology 69, pp. 11–121.Google Scholar
  22. Weiss, R.: 1974, ‘The provisions of social relationships’, in: Rubin, Z. (ed.), Doing Unto Others (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Badura
    • 1
  • Millard Waltz
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität OldenburgOldenburgFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations