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Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 90–98 | Cite as

Muscle fiber type differentiation and satellite cell populations in normally grown and neonatally denervated muscles in the rat

  • S. Okada
  • I. Nonaka
  • S. M. Chou
Original Works

Summary

To examine the neural influence upon fiber type differentiation in developing muscles, newborn rats were subjected to sciatic nerve dissection, and the denervated extensor digitorum longus (EDL) (white) and soleus (red) muscles were examined in chronologic sequence by means of histochemistry and electron microscopy. The skeletal muscles in the newborn rats were undifferentiated (type 2C fibers seen on ATPase staining) and contained numerous myotubes. In the controls, the type 2C fibers started to differentiate at around 5 days and had almost completed type differentiation by 30 days in EDL and by 90 days in soleus muscles. On the other hand, none of the fibers in the neonatally denervated muscles developed into well differentiated type 1 and 2A fibers, but both the EDL and soleus showed longlasting type 2C and 2B populations. The satellite cells in the denervated EDL and soleus muscles decreased in number at the same rate as in the control muscles with maturation. The absence of a neural supply in the developing muscles induced a delay in muscle fiber type differentiation but did not influence the satellite cell populations in either EDL or soleus muscles.

Key words

Muscle fiber types ATPase Development Neonatal denervation Muscle differentiation Satellite cell populations 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Okada
    • 1
  • I. Nonaka
    • 1
  • S. M. Chou
    • 2
  1. 1.National Center for Nervous, Mental, and Muscular DisordersKodaira, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Dept. of Pathology (Neuropathology)Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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