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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 121, Issue 2, pp 147–153 | Cite as

Methanogenium, a new genus of marine methanogenic bacteria, and characterization ofMethanogenium cariaci sp. nov. andMethanogenium marisnigri sp. nov.

  • J. A. Romesser
  • R. S. Wolfe
  • F. Mayer
  • E. Spiess
  • A. Walther-Mauruschat
Article

Abstract

A new genus of marine methanogenic bacteria and two species within this genus are described.Methanogenium is the proposed genus andMethanogenium cariaci the type species. Cells of the type species are Gram-negative, peritrichously flagellated, irregular cocci with a periodic wall surface pattern. Colonies formed by these bacteria are yellow, circular and umbonate with entire edges. The DNA base composition is 52 mol% guanine plus cytosine. Formate or hydrogen and carbon dioxide serve as substrates for growth. Cells ofMethanogenium marisnigri are of similar shape but smaller diameter thanM. cariaci. The colonies ofM. marisnigri are convex, and the DNA base composition is 61 mol % G+C. Formate or hydrogen and carbon dioxide are growth substrates. Sodium chloride is required for growth of both methanogens.

Key words

Methanogenium cariaci Methanogenium marisnigri Marine methanogenic bacteria Ultrastructure TaxonomyMethanogenium gen. nov. 

Abbreviations

SDS

sodium dodecylsulfate

PIPES

piperazine-N,N′-bis (2 ethanesulfonic acid)

HS-CoM

coenzyme M, 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Romesser
    • 1
  • R. S. Wolfe
    • 1
  • F. Mayer
    • 2
  • E. Spiess
    • 2
  • A. Walther-Mauruschat
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Mikrobiologie der Universität GöttingenGöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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