Journal of Comparative Physiology B

, Volume 155, Issue 1, pp 37–41 | Cite as

Brainstem regions involved in the generation of respiratory movements in quail

  • N. J. Davey
  • T. J. Seller


  1. 1.

    The entire medulla of anaesthetised Japanese quail was surveyed by electrical stimulation, for areas involved in the generation of the respiratory pattern.

  2. 2.

    Sites were found at which 140% and 35% increases in respiratory rate, and inspiratory and expiratory cramps were elicited.

  3. 3.

    The responses were characterized both by the effects of stimulation and the patterns of post-stimulatory recovery.

  4. 4.

    Histological localization of sites and statistical analyses showed the four types to be anatomically separated in the medulla.

  5. 5.

    The contrast between these results and those from mammals indicated that birds could provide a useful model for further studies in respiratory physiology.



Respiratory Rate Human Physiology Electrical Stimulation Respiratory Movement Japanese Quail 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bayle JD, Ramade F, Oliver J (1974) Stereotaxic topography of the midbrain of the quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). J Physiol (Paris) 68:219–241Google Scholar
  2. Berger AJ (1977) Dorsal respiratory group neurons in the medulla of cat: spinal projections, responses to lung inflation and superior laryngeal nerve stimulation. Brain Res 135:231–254Google Scholar
  3. Bianchi AL (1971) Localisation et étude des neurones respiratoires bulbaires mises en jeu antidromique par stimulation spinale ou vagale. J Physiol (Paris) 63:5–40Google Scholar
  4. Bouverot P (1978) Control of breathing in birds compared with mammals. Physiol Rev 58:604–655Google Scholar
  5. Brackenbury J (1980) Respiration and production of sounds by birds. Biol Rev 55:363–378Google Scholar
  6. Brown JL (1971) An exploratory study of vocalization areas in the brain of the redwinged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Behavior 39:91–127Google Scholar
  7. Cohen DH, Schnall AM (1970) Medullary cells of origin of vagal cardioinhibitory fibres in the pigeon. J Comp Neurol 140:321–342Google Scholar
  8. Colacino SM, Hector DH, Schmidt-Nielsen K (1977) Respiratory responses of ducks to simulated altitude. Respir Physiol 29:265–281Google Scholar
  9. Feldman JL, Cohen MI (1978) Relation between expiratory duration and rostral medullary expiratory neuronal discharge. Brain Res 141:172–178Google Scholar
  10. Graham JDP (1940) Respiratory reflexes in the fowl. J Physiol 97:525–532Google Scholar
  11. Hazelhoff EH (1943) Bouw en functie van de vogellong. Versl Geuronne. Vergal Afd Natuurk 52:391–400Google Scholar
  12. Hazelhoff EH (1951) Structure and function of the lung of birds. Poult Sci 30:3–10Google Scholar
  13. Hoff HE, Breckenridge CG (1949) The medullary origin of respiratory periodicity in the dog. Am J Physiol 158:157–172Google Scholar
  14. Jones DR (1969) Peripheral respiratory regulation in birds. Comp Biochem Physiol 28:961–965Google Scholar
  15. Kalia M (1981) Neurohistochemical methods in tracing central respiratory mechanisms. Fed Proc 40:2365–2371Google Scholar
  16. Karten HJ, Hodos W (1967) A stereotactic atlas of the brain of the pigeon (Columba livia). John Hopkins Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  17. Liljestrand A (1958) Neural control of respiration. Physiol Rev 38:691–708Google Scholar
  18. Merrill EG (1981) Where are thereal respiratory neurones? Fed Proc 40:2389–2394Google Scholar
  19. Morrison DF (1976) Multivariate statistical methods. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Pearson R (1972) The avian brain. Academic Press, New York, pp 658Google Scholar
  21. Richards SA (1971) Brain stem control of polypnoea in the chicken and pigeon. Respir Physiol 11:315–326Google Scholar
  22. Saalfeld E von (1936) Untersuchungen über das Hacheln bei Tauben. Z Vergl Physiol 23:727–743Google Scholar
  23. Seller TJ (1980) Midbrain regions involved in call production in Java sparrows. Behav Brain Res 1:257–265Google Scholar
  24. Seller TJ (1983) Control of sound production in birds. In: Lewis B (ed) Bioacoustics a comparative approach. Academic Press, New York London, pp 93–124Google Scholar
  25. Torre-Bueno JR (1977) Respiration during flight in birds. In: Piiper J (ed) Respiratory function in birds adult and embryonic. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 89–94Google Scholar
  26. Tucker VA (1968) Respiratory exchange and evaporative water loss in the flying budgerigar. J Exp Biol 48:67–89Google Scholar
  27. Tucker VA (1973) Metabolism and energetics during flight. J Exp Biol 58:89–19Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Davey
    • 1
  • T. J. Seller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pure and Applied BiologyImperial College of Science and TechnologyLondonUK

Personalised recommendations